lanbo78 发表于 2009-6-26 11:36

machine netting 机械编网

mackerel 鲭;花飞鱼;青花鱼

macrobenthos; megalobenthos 大型底栖生物

Macrobranchium rosenbergri 淡水长臂大虾

macroohytes 大型水生植物

macrophytic algae 大型藻类

macroscopic; megascopic 肉眼的

main net 主网

main net boat 主网船

main seine 真网{二艘式围网右侧的网}

man rope 力纲

man-eater shark; white shark 食人鲛

man-made factors 人为因素

marine environment 海洋环境

marine fouling 海洋污染

marine resources 海洋资源

marine snow 海雪

mark 指标;标记;目标;特徵

marked fish; tagged fish 标识鱼

marked whale 标识鲸

marking experiment 标识放流

marl algae 泥灰藻类

mass-marking 大量标识放流

mass-mortality 大量毙死

mass-production 大量繁殖

Masua culture medium 松江氏培养基

maximum economic yield {= MEY} 最大经济生产量

maximum net economic yield 最大净经济生产量

maximum sustained catch 最大持续渔获量

maximum sustained economic yield {= MSEY} 最大持续经济生产量

mean free path 平均自由行程

mean lethal dose 半数致死量

meat chopper 碎肉机;切肉机

meat mill 擂溃机

meat separator 鱼肉采肉机

meat stuffer 罐肉机

median tolerance limit {= TLM} 半忍耐限度;半致死浓度

megaplankton 大型浮游生物

melania 河贝子

melting point 融点;融解点

membrane electrode method 薄膜电极法

membrane filter 薄膜过滤纸

meristic character 计数形质

mesh 网目

mesh connection 网目连结;网目连接

mesh experiment 网目试验

mesh measurement; stretch measurement 网目测量

mesh regulations 网目限制

mesh size 目长

mesophilic bacteria 中温细菌

mesoplankton; net plankton 网获性浮游生物

messenger roller 靠拢索滚筒

metabolism 新陈代谢

metacercariae 後期囊幼虫

metamorphosis states 变态阶段

metapenaeopsis morgiensis 墨吉白虾

metapenaepsis barbata 火烧虾;厚壳虾;红斑赤虾;狗虾

metapenaeus affinis 麻虾

metapenaeus dobsoni 杜氏虾

metapenaeus ensis 砂虾

metoplankton 半生浮游生物

microbenthos 微小底栖生物

micro-habitat; niche 小生境

micronektonic 微小游泳生物

microphallus sp. 小栓吸虫

microplankton 微小浮游生物

microscopic accretion 微小附着物

microsporidians 微孢子虫类

midwater gill net 中层刺网

migration 洄游;群移

migration pattern 洄游型

migratory species of fish 洄游性鱼种

mild curing 淡腌

milk shrimp 牛乳虾

milkfish 虱目鱼

milky ice 白冰

milt 鱼精

miracidium 纤毛幼虫

mirror carp 镜鲤

miscellaneous fishing gear 杂渔具

mitten crab 毛蟹

mix spinning 混纺

mixed culture 混养

mobile fauna 移动性动物

mollusc 软体动物

mollusca 软体动物类

monofilament 罩丝长纤维

moonfish 眼眶鱼;皮刀鱼

moray eel 热带海鳗

morphological investigation 形态考查

mortality 死亡率

mortar 灰泥

mortise 笋眼

mother shiptype operation 母船式作业

mother streams 原产卵河川

moveable gear 移动网具

mucin 黏液蛋白质

mud carp 鲠鱼;鲮

mud fish 栖息於泥中的鱼类

mud line 泥线

muddy water 泥土水

mullet 鲻;乌鱼

mullet roe 乌鱼子

multi-effect compressor 多效式压缩机

multi-pass 多程

multiple regression analysis 复回归分析

multi-tube type 多管式

mysis 糠虾状幼虫

mytilus edulis 淡菜{紫贝}

myxobacterial 黏液性细菌{鱼病}

myxoxanthine 绿藻紫色素

myzobdella lugubns 水蛭

nail-hole 钉孔[罐]

nannoplankton 微细浮游生物;漏网性浮游生物

narce 青贝;真珠层

natantia 游泳目

natural enemy 天然敌害

natural food 天然饵料

natural mortatity 自然死亡率

natural selection 自然淘汰

natural twist 自然捻

nauplius 无节幼虫

navicula sp. 双变矽藻

necrophagous 食屍的

necrosis 肌肉坏死

needle culture 穿针培养

needle fish 扁鹤鰔;鲎鱼

needle; netting shuttle 网针

nekton 游泳生物

nematodes; roundworm 线虫

nereis larva 沙蚕幼虫

neritic plankton 沿岸性浮游生物

net 网

net boat 网船

net buoyancy 净浮力

net design 网具设计

net gear 网渔具

net hauler 扬网机;卷网机

net hold 网舱

net oxygen production 溶氧量之净生产值

net photosynthesis 净光合作用

net production 净生产量

nettig-twine 网线

netting 编网;网片

neuston 水面上生物

neutralizing agent 中和剂

new blood 新生群

nibe croaker 鮸鱼;米血

night shipment 夜间运输

nitzschia sp. 细刀形矽藻

nobman; norman 耳环

noctiluca scintillans 夜光虫

nocturnal animal 夜行性动物

non-powered fishing craft 非动力渔船

non-productive area 非生产价值区

nonspotted-halfbeak 乔氏鱵

noose 轮索活结;活结;绳套

northern bluefintuna 长腰鲔

nosema sp. 病原小孢虫

nucleo proteins 核蛋白质

nuptial coloration 发情色彩

nursery areas 繁殖区域

nursery pond 育苗池

nursing ground; nusery ground 繁殖场

nutrient agar-agar 洋菜培养基

nutrient broth; nutrient houillon 肉汁培养基

nutrition quotient 营养系数

nyctipelagic plankton 夜浮游生物

lanbo78 发表于 2009-6-26 11:37

oar propelled boat 摇橹船

obelia bicuspiduta 水螅

oceanic bonito 巴鲣

oceanic plankton 海洋性浮游生物

oceanographic pattern 海况型

octopus 章鱼

off season 淡渔期;淡季

official trial 正式试航

oil burn 油烧;油酵

oil defusing pump 油扩散泵

oil fence 拦油栅;油墙

oil-free air 不含油物

oligotrophic lake 缺乏营养湖

omnivore; omnivorous feeding 杂食性

opaque zone 暗区;不透明带

opecoelidae 孟吸虫

opecoeloides fimbriatus 虾吸虫

open system 开放式放水

open type 开放式

opercle clip fish tag 鳃骨鱼签

operculum 鳃盖;壳盖

optimum 最适度

optimum catch 适正渔获量

optimum density 最适密度

optimum fishing intensity 适正渔获强度

optimum fishing rate 适正渔获率

optimum level of product 适正生产水准

optimu

lanbo78 发表于 2009-6-26 11:43

渔港 ,fishing port

渔船 ,fishing vessel; fishing boat

渔民 ,fisherman

码头 ,quay; wharf

带缆桩 ,mooring post

鱼箱 ,fish box



磅秤 ,weighing scale

桅杆 ,mast

帆篷 ,sail

机帆渔船 ,powered fishing boat

桅灯 ,masthead light

驾驶室 ,pilot house

机舱 ,engine room

捕鲸船 ,whaler

捕鲸炮 ,harpoon gun

炮手 ,gun crew

拖网渔船 ,trawler

雷达桅杆 ,radar mast

吊杆 ,boom

二号桅 ,No.2 mast

卸鱼舱盖 ,hold cover

艉龙门架 ,stern gentry

滑道 ,slipway

网具舱 ,fishing tackle cabin

渔捞用绞车和绞盘 ,winch

渔捞甲板 ,deck

拖网绞网机 ,trawl winch

鱼舱 ,fish hold

船员室 ,crew cabin

鱼网 ,netting

大拉网 ,hauling net

围网 ,purse net

浮子 ,buoy

围网船 ,purse seiner

网板 ,otter board; trawl board

刺网 ,gill net

浮标 ,float

网衣 ,net; mesh

网目 ,mesh

沉子 ,sinker; weight

大折网 ,scoop net

延绳钓 ,long-line fishing

延绳 ,trotline

支线 ,hook line

钓钩 ,hooks

海洋竿钓 ,ocean pole fishing

竿钓船 ,pole-fishing boat

自动竿钓机 ,automatic pole-fishing machine

钓鱼平台 ,pole-fishing platform

钓手 ,pole-fishing crew

钓竿 ,fishing pole

拖毛钓 ,trawling (with lines)

毛钩 ,lure

潜水镜 diving mask

潜水衣 ,diving suit

鸭蹼 ,flipper

淡水渔业 ,fresh water fishing

拉网 ,drag fishing

用鸬鹚捕鱼的渔夫 ,cormorant fisherman

撒网 ,cast net

抬网 ,drop net

大捞网 ,big scoop

蟹篓 crab basket

鱼篓 ,creel

冰下捕鱼 ,ice fishing

绞网机 ,net winch

冰眼 ,ice hole

大拉网 ,drag net

钓鱼具 ,fishing tackle

钓竿儿 fishing rod

分节钓竿 ,jointed rod

玻璃钢鱼竿 ,glass rod

鱼漂儿 ,float

放线器 ,spinning reel; fly reel

小件鱼具盒 ,mini fishing kit

养殖业 fish farming

养鱼场 ,fish farm

鱼塘 ,pond

增氧机 oxygen pump

饲料台 ,feeding frame

分塘饲养 ,separate fish farming

成鱼池 ,pond for mature fish

鱼秧池 ,pond for fingerlings

鱼苗池 ,pond for fry

网箱养鱼 ,fish culture in net pen

网箱 ,net cage

框架 ,net frame

取卵 ,roe collection

人工授精 ,milting

人工孵化 ,artificial hatching

牡蛎养殖场 ,oyster farm

桥石 ,bridge stone

竹排 ,bamboo raft

海带养殖场 ,kelp farm

水产加工 ,aquatic products processing

鱼干加工 ,fish drying

鱼肠加工 ,fish sausage processing

鱼露厂 ,fish sauce factory

lanbo78 发表于 2009-6-26 11:58

Acre-Foot:A water volume equivalent to one surface acre with a depth of one foot; equal to 325,850 gallons or approximately 2,718,000 pounds of water.

Aeration:The mixing of air and water by wind action, or by air forced through water, generally refers to a process by which oxygen is added to water.

Air:The gases surrounding the earth; consists of approximately 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.9% argon, 0.03% carbon dioxide, and minute quantities of helium, krypton, neon, and xenon, plus water vapor.

Algae Bloom:A high density or rapid increase in abundance of algae.

Alkalinity:The ability of a mineral solution to neutralize hydrogen ions; usually expressed as equivalents of calcium carbonate.

Ammonia:The gas NH3 highly soluble in water. Ionized ammonia (NH4+) is relatively non-toxic to fish while the un-ionized form is extremely toxic. The percent of the total ammonia in the un-ionized form is a function of pH and temperature.

Ammonia Nitrogen:Also called total ammonia. The summed weight of nitrogen in both the ionized (ammonium, NH4+) and molecular (NH3) forms of dissolved ammonia (NH4 - N plus NH3-N). Ammonia values are reported as N (the hydrogen being ignored in analyses).

Ammonium:The ionized form of ammonia, NH4+ .

Anal Fin:The fin on the ventral median line behind the anus.

Anti-Seep Collar:A plate, usually constructed of concrete or steel attached around a drain pipe and extending about two feet outward. It is buried in the pond levee to retard the seepage of water through the levee along the drain pipe.

Anus:The external posterior opening of the alimentary tract; the vent.

Aquaculture:Controlled culture and propagation of aquatic animals, crustaceans, shellfish, and plants.

Barrow Pits:Ponds and lakes created after the excavation of fill material used in road construction.

Bicarbonate:The HCO3- ion, or any salt formed with it such as sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3)

Broodstock:Adult fish retained for spawning.

Buffer:Chemical capable of taking up or giving up hydrogen ions and sustains pH within a narrow range.

Cage Culture:A production method in which barrow pits, farm ponds, or lakes are used for fish production by containing the fish in cages placed in the water.

Calcium Carbonate:A relatively insoluble salt, CaCO3, the primary constituent of limestone and a common constituent of hard water.

Carbon Dioxide:A colorless, odorless gas, CO2, resulting from the oxidation of carbon-containing substances; highly soluble in water. Toxic to fish at high levels. Toxicity to fish increases at low levels of oxygen. May be used as an anesthetic.

Carbonate:The CO3- ion, or any salt formed with it, such as calcium carbonate, CaCO3.

Carnivorous:Feeding or preying on animals.

Carrying Capacity:The population, number, or weight of a species that a given environment can support.

Caudal Fin:The tail fin of fish.

Cavity Spawners:Species, such as catfish, which spawn in a cavity along the bank of a pond. In commercial aquaculture a container such as a milk can is substituted.

Cold Water Species:Generally, fish that spawn in water temperatures below 55°F. The main cultured species are trout and salmon. See Cool water Species; Warm Water Species.

Cool Water Species:Generally, fish that spawn in temperatures between 40° and 60° F. The main cultured cool water species are muskellunge, sauger, walleye, and yellow perch. See Cold water Species; Warm Water Species.

Core-trench:A barrier made of compacted clay that anchors the pond levee to the surrounding topography.

Count:A marketing unit of measurement equal to number per pound. For example, a 20 count would be the same as 20 per pound.

Cubic Foot Per Minute:Flow rate equal to 449 gallons per minute.

Dechlorination:Removal of the residual hypochlorite or chloramine from water to allow its use in fish culture. Charcoal is used frequently because it removes much of the hypochlorite and fluoride. Charcoal is inadequate for removing chloramine.

Denitrification:A biochemical reaction in which nitrate (NO3-) is reduced to NO2, N2O, and nitrogen gas.

Diet:Food regularly provided and consumed.

Dissolved Oxygen:The amount of elemental oxygen, O2, in solution under existing atmospheric pressure and temperature.

Dissolved Solids:The residue of all dissolved materials when all water is evaporated.

Effluent:The discharge from a rearing facility, treatment plant, or industry.

Evisceration:The removal of the internal organs during processing.

Egg:The mature female germ cell, ovum.

Fat:An ester composed of fatty acid(s) and glycerol.

Fingerling:The stage in a fish's life between 1 inch and the length at which it is restocked for grow-out to market size.

Flow Rate:The volume of water moving past a given point in a unit of time, usually expressed as cubic feet per second (cfs) or gallons per minute (gpm).

Food Conversion:A ratio of food intake to body weight gain; more generally, the total weight of all feed fed to a lot of fish divided by the total weight gain of the fish lot. The units of weight and the time interval over which they are measured must be the same. The better the conversion, the lower the ratio.

Formulated Feed:A combination of ingredients that provides specific amounts of nutrients per weight of feed.

Free Board:The distance between the crown of a pond levee and the surface of the water inside the pond. Usually one to three feet of freeboard is recommended.

Fresh Water:Water containing less than 0.05% total dissolved salts by weight.

Fry:The stage in a fish's life from the time it hatches until it reaches 1 inch in length.

Genus:A unit of scientific classification that includes one or several closely related species.The scientific name for each organism includes designation for genus and species.

Gills:The highly vascular, fleshy filaments used in aquatic respiration and excretion.

Gonads:The reproductive organs (testes or ovaries).

Hardness:The ability of water to neutralize soap, due to the presence of cations such as calcium and magnesium; usually expressed as parts per million equivalents of calcium carbonate. Refers to the calcium and magnesium ion concentration in water on a scale of very soft (0-20 ppm as CaCO3), soft (20-50 ppm), hard (50-500 ppm) and very hard (55+ ppm).

Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP):   A mandatory Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seafood inspection program required by fish processors, wholesalers, and retailers.

Hybrid:Progeny resulting from a cross between parents that are genetically unlike.

Hydrogen Ion Concentration:The cause of acidity in water. See pH.

Hydrogen Sulfide:An odorous, soluble gas, H2S, resulting from anaerobic decomposition of sulfur-containing compounds, especially proteins.

Incubation (Eggs):Period from fertilization of the egg until it hatches.

Intensive Culture:Rearing of fish at densities greater than can be supported in the natural environment; utilizes high water flow or exchange rates, aeration, and requires the feeding of formulated feeds.

Juvenile:Fish less than one year old. Also refers to fingerlings.

Kettle:A constructed basin near the drain of a pond used for concentrating fish during harvest. Also referred to as a catch basin.

Lime:Calcium Oxide, Quicklime, or Burnt Lime used as a disinfectant for fish-holding facilities (produces heat and extreme alkaline conditions). Agriculture lime is used to increase the alkalinity of water in pond settings. Sodium bicarbonate is used to increase the alkalinity in water recirculating systems.

Liquid Oxygen:A form of oxygen cooled to a liquid state and used commonly in recirculating aquaculture systems because it is cheaper per unit than gaseous oxygen.

McDonald Jar:A type of incubator usually made from clear plastic designed to hold fertilized eggs during the hatching process.

Metabolism:Processes involved in the release of body energy, the building and repair of body tissue, and the excretion of waste materials; combination of anabolism and catabolism. As a rule, the metabolic rate of fish doubles for every 18°F increase.

Mouth Brooder:A species of fish in which either the female or male incubates the fertilized eggs in the mouth. Most species of tilapia grown in the United States are maternal mouth brooders.

Nitrification:A method (normally biological) through which ammonia is biologically oxidized to nitrite and then nitrate.

Nitrite:The NO2- ion.

Nitrogen:An odorless, gaseous element that makes up 78% of the earth's atmosphere, and is a constituent of all living tissue. It is almost inert in its gaseous form.

Nitrogenous Wastes:Simple nitrogen compounds produced by the metabolism of proteins, such as urea and uric acid.

Nitrifying Bacteria:Species of bacteria involved in nitrification. Nitrosommonas sp. oxidizes NH3 to NO2- and Nitrobacter sp. oxides NO2- to NO3- .

Operculum:The bony covering that protects the gills.

Osmosis:The diffusion of liquid that takes place through a semipermeable membrane between solutions starting at different osmotic pressures, and that tends to equalize those pressures.Water always moves toward the more concentrated solution, regardless of the substances dissolved, until the concentration of dissolved particles is equalized, regardless of electric charge.

Ovaries:The female reproductive organs.

Oxygen Depletion/Low Oxygen:A condition, normally occurring at night, in which oxygen dissolved in pond water has been depleted mainly because of the decomposition of organic matter and respiration of organisms in the pond.

Part Per Thousand (ppt):A concentration at which one unit is contained in a total of one thousand units. Seawater (35 ppt) is normally expressed in ppt.

pH:An expression of the acid-base relationship designated as the logarithm of the reciprocal of the hydrogen-ion activity; the value of 7.0 expresses neutral solutions; values decreasing below 7.0 represent increasingly acidic solutions; values increasing about 7.0 represent increasingly basic solution.

Photosynthesis:The formation of carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water that takes place in the chlorophyll-containing tissues of plants exposed to light; oxygen is produced as a by-product.

Phytoplankton:Microscopic plants suspended in water with little or no capability for controlling their position in the water mass; frequently referred to as algae.
Plankton The various, mostly microscopic, aquatic organisms (plants and animals) that serve as food for larger aquatic animals.

Pokiothermic:The ability of fish to take on approximately the same body temperature as the ambient temperature of their environment. Also referred to as cold-blooded.

Pond:A closed production system in which excavated soil is used to build levees and provide a gradual bottom slope.

Pond Levee:The wall of a pond which is constructed to hold in the water.

Predacious/Carnivorous Fish:A fish species that eats other fish.

Quality Assurance:A procedure used to increase evidence of safety and quality of farm-raised food fish species.

Raceway:A production system in which water flows through a series of troughs or tanks at relatively high flow rate. Smaller fish are usually stocked at the beginning of the raceway and larger fish stocked toward the end.

Recirculating, Reuse, Recycle Aquaculture Systems:The use of water more than one time for fish propagation. There may or may not be water treatment between uses and different rearing units may be involved.

Respiration:The utilization of oxygen in the breakdown of carbohydrates and releases carbon dioxide and water as by-products.

Salinity:Concentration of sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, bicarbonate, carbonate, sulfate, and halides (chloride, fluoride, bromide) in water. See Dissolved Solids.

Saturation:In solutions, the maximum amount of a substance that can be dissolved in a liquid without it being precipitated or released into the air.

Sea Water:Water containing from 3.0 to 3.5% total salts.

Sediment:Settleable solids that form bottom deposits.

Seines:Nets used to harvest fish from ponds. Seines are usually 25% longer than the width of the pond and have a depth 25% deeper than the maximum depth of the pond.

Settleable Solids:That fraction of the suspended solids that will settle out of suspension under quiescent conditions.

Silt:Soil particles carried or deposited by moving water.

Slope:The change of height (rise) or a given distance (run). Slope is calculated as c2 = a2 + b2 where slope is c2.

Sodium Bicarbonate: A chemical compound (NaHCO3) used as a buffer in recirculating aquaculture systems.

Solubility:The degree to which a substance can be dissolved in a liquid; usually expressed as milligrams per liter or percent.

Spawning (Hatchery Context):Act of obtaining eggs from female fish and sperm from male fish.

Species:The largest group of similar individuals that actually or potentially can successfully interbreed with one another, but not with other such groups; systematic units including geographic races and varieties, are included in a genus.

Stress:A state manifested by a syndrome or bodily change caused by some force, conditions, or circumstance (i.e., by a stressor) in or on an organism or on one of its physiological or anatomical systems. Any condition that forces an organism to expend more energy to maintain stability.

Substrate Spawners:Species of animals which spawn on substrate such as gravel, rock, perlon mats, or other material.

Suspended Solids:Non-seattleable articles retained in suspension in the water column.

Thiosulfate, Sodium (Sodium Hyposulfite, Hypo, Antichlor) Na2S2O3:Used to remove chlorine from solution or as a titrant for determination of dissolved oxygen by the Winkler method.

Total Solids:All of the solids in the water, including dissolved, suspended, and settleable components.

Toxicity:A relative measure of the ability of a chemical to be toxic. Usually refers to the ability of a substance to kill or cause an adverse effect. High toxicity means that small amounts are capable of causing death or ill health.

Toxin:A particular class of poisons, to which the body may respond by the production of antitoxins.

Turbidity:Presence of suspended or colloidal matter or planktonic organisms that reduces light penetration of water.

Ultraviolet Light:A light source with a wave length less than 4,000 angstroms used for disinfecting hatchery water.

Urea:A nitrogenous waste product of mammals containing two nitrogen ions.

Uric Acid:A nitrogenous waste product of birds containing four nitrogen ions.

Vitamins:Essential nutritive factors required in small amounts for the regulation of metabolism.

Vertical Substrate Spawners:Species of animals such as angelfish that normally spawn on rooted aquatic plant leaves in their natural habitat. In commercial aquaculture strips of slate are substituted for plants.

Warm Water Species:Generally, fish that spawn at temperatures above 60°F. The chief cultured warm water species are basses, sunfish, catfish, and minnows. See Cold Water Species; Cool Water Species.

Water Quality:As it relates to fish nutrition and general fish health, involves dissolved minerals, gases, suspended, and settleable solids found in fresh water.

Winkler:A calorimetric titration method of determining the dissolved oxygen concentration in water.

Xanthophylls:A class of naturally occurring yellow and orange plant pigments added to fish feeds to enhance the color of skin pigments or muscle. In white flesh fish, xanthophylls impart an undesirable yellow color.

Yeast:A component of fish feed, especially for larvae feeding used for its high protein content.

Zooplankton:Minute animals in water, chiefly rotifers and crustaceans, that depend upon water movement to carry them about, having only weak capabilities for movement. They are important prey for young fish.

Zygote:Fertilized egg.

lanbo78 发表于 2009-6-26 16:43

http://www.fao.org/fi/glossary/aquaculture/

lanbo78 发表于 2009-6-26 16:51

Glossary of Fish Technology Terms

Glossary of Fish Technology Terms

jennyzhang 发表于 2010-5-19 18:25

票票扣了,怎么老是下不下来呢

zcjzym 发表于 2010-8-17 06:53

太厉害了 谢谢 最好有下载版的
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