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[分享] 食品相关词汇的中英对照!(持续更新)

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发表于 2006-8-16 10:44 | 显示全部楼层
药草英语词汇中英对照
Agar 琼脂
Abrus Herb 鸡骨草
Aconiteleaf Syneilesis Herb 兔儿伞
Acutangular Anisodus Root 三分三
Adder´s Tongue Herb 一支箭
African Myrsine Herb 碎米棵
Agaric 猪苓
Air-Plant Herb 落地生根
Airpotato Yam Rhizome 黄药子
Aizoon Stonecrop Herb 景天三七
Akebia Fruit 预知子
Akebia Stem 木通
Aloes 芦荟
Alpine Yarrow Herb 蓍草
Alum 白矾
Amber 琥珀
American Ginseng 西洋参
Amur Adonis Herb 冰凉花
Amur Ampelopsis Stem 山葡萄
Amur Barberry Root 大叶小檗
Amur Corktree Bark 黄柏
Amur Grape Stem 山藤藤秧
Ancients Euphorbia Stem 火殃勒
Anemone Clematis Stem / Armand Clematis Stem 川木通
Annual Fleabane Herb 一年蓬
Antelope Horn 羚羊角
Antifeverile Dichroa Root 常山
Arabian Jasmine Flower 茉莉花
Arabic Cowry Shell 紫贝齿
Areca Peel 大腹皮
Areca Seed 槟榔
Argy Wormwood Leaf 艾叶
Ark Shell 瓦楞子
Arrowshaped Tinospora Root 金果榄
Arsenic Sublimate 信石
Ash Bark 秦皮
Asiatic Moonseed Rhizome 北豆根
Asiatic Pennywort Herb 积雪草
Asiatic Toddalia Root 飞龙掌血
Auricled Hedyotis Herb 耳草
Autumn Zephyrlily Herb 肝风草
Avicennia Pricklyash Root 鹰不泊
Axillary Choerospondias Fruit 广枣
Baical Skullcap Root 黄芩
Balsamiferou Blumea Herb 大风艾
Bamboo Shavings 竹茹
Barbary Wolfberry Fruit 枸杞子
Barbed Skullcap Herb 半枝莲
Barberry Root 三棵针
Bat Dung 夜明砂
Bear Gall 熊胆
Beautiful Millettia Root 牛大力
Beautiful Phyllodium Twig and Leaf 排钱草
Beautiful Sweetgum Fruit 路路通
Belladonna Herb 颠茄草
Belvedere Fruit 地肤子
Benzoin 安息香
Bezoar 牛黄
Bigleaf Beautyberry Leaf 大叶紫珠
Biond Magnolia Flower 辛夷
Biotite Schist and Mica / Carbonate Schist by Chloritization 青礞石
Bistort Rhizome 拳参
Bitter Apricot Seed 苦杏仁
Bitter Bamboo Leaf 苦竹叶
Bitter Orange 枳壳
Bittersweet Herb 白英
Black Nightshade Herb 龙葵
Black Sesame 黑芝麻
Blackberrykiky Rhizome 射干
Blackend Swallowwort Root 白薇
Blighted Wheat 浮小麦
Blister Beetle 斑蝥
Boat-fruited Scaphium Seed 胖大海
Boor´s Mustard Herb 菥冥
Borax 硼砂
Borneol 冰片
Bottle Brush Herb 问荆
Bottle Gourd Peel 葫芦
Brittle Falsepimpernel Herb 母草
Brooklet Anemone Root 虎掌草
Broomjutre Sida Herb 黄花母
Buddha´s Lamp Twig and Leaf 玉叶金花
Buerger Pipewort Flower 谷精草
Buffalo Horn 水牛角
Bulbiferous Stonecrop  马屎花
Bunge Auriculate Root 白首乌
Bunge Corydalis Herb 地丁草
Bunge Hackberry Bark or Stem 棒棒木
Bunge Pine Cone 松塔
Bur Beggarticks Herb 狼把草
Burmann Cinnamon Bark 阴香
Cablin Potchouli Herb 广藿香
Cajeputtree Leaf 白千层叶
Calamine 炉甘石
Calcite 南寒水石
Calomel 轻粉
Camphor 樟脑
Camphorwood  香樟木
Canton Ampelopsis Root 无刺根
Cape Jasmine Fruit 栀子
Caper Euphorbia Seed 千金子
Carbonized Human Hair 血余炭
Carolina Cranesbill Herb 野老鹳草
Cassia Bark 肉桂
Cassia Seed 决明子
Cassia Twig 桂枝
Castor Bean 蓖麻子
Catechu 儿茶
Cattail Pollen 蒲黄
Centipede 蜈蚣
Ceratostigma Root 攀倒甑
Chalcanthite 胆矾
Chaulmoogratree Seed 大风子
Cherokee Rose Fruit 金樱子
Chervil Larkspur Herb 还亮草
Chicken´s Gizzard-membrane 鸡内金
Chinaberry Bark and Root-bark 苦楝皮
Chinagreen Herb 广东万年青
Chinaroot Greenbier Rhizome 菝契
Chinese Alangium Root 八角枫
Chinese Angelica 当归
Chinese Aralia Bark and Root-bark 葱木
Chinese Arborvitae Twig 侧柏叶
Chinese Asafoetida 阿魏
Chinese Astilbe 落新妇
Chinese Azalea Flower 闹羊花
Chinese Azalea Fruit  八厘麻
Chinese Bastardtoadflax Herb 白蕊草
Chinese Box Twig 黄杨木
Chinese Brake Herb 凤尾草
Chinese Buckeye Seed / 娑罗子
Wilson Buckeye Seed
Chinese Caterpillar Fungus 冬虫夏草
Chinese Cinquefoil Herb 委陵菜
Chinese Cricket 蟋蟀
Chinese Date 大枣
Chinese Dicliptera Herb 狗肝菜
Chinese Dwarf Cherry Seed / 郁李仁
Dwarf Flowering Cherry Seed / Longstalk Peach Seed
Chinese Eaglewood 沉香
Chinese Elder Herb 陆英
Chinese Elm Bark 榔榆皮
Chinese Eupatorium Root 广东土牛膝
Chinese Fevervine Herb 鸡屎藤
Chinese Fir Wood or twig 杉木
Chinese Forgetmenot Root 接骨草
Chinese Gall 五倍子
Chinese Gentian 龙胆
Chinese Globeflower Flower 金莲花
Chinese Hibisci Rosae-Sinensis Flower 扶桑花
Chinese Holly Leaf 枸骨叶
Chinese Honeylocust Abnormal Fruit 猪牙皂
Chinese Honeylocust Fruit 皂角
Chinese Honeylocust Spine 皂角刺
Chinese Incarvilla Herb 角蒿
Chinese Iris Seed 马蔺子
Chinese Ivy Stem 常春藤
Chinese Knotweed Herb 火炭母
Chinese Ladiestresses Root or Herb 盘龙参
Chinese Ligusticum Rhizome / Jehol Ligusticum Rhizome 藁本
Chinese Lizardtail Rhizome or Herb 三白草
Chinese Lobelia Herb 半边莲
Chinese Loropetalum Herb 继木
Chinese Magnoliavine Fruit 五味子
Chinese Milkwort Herb 大叶金不換
Chinese Mosla Herb 香薷
Chinese Osbeckia Herb 金锦香
Chinese Peashrub Root  锦鸡儿
Chinese Pholidota Herb 石仙桃
Chinese Photinia Leaf 石南叶
Chinese Pulsatilla Root 白头翁
Chinese Pyrola Herb 鹿衔草
Chinese Rose Flower 月季花
Chinese Sage Herb 石见穿
Chinese Silkvine Root-bark 香加皮
Chinese Siphonostegia Herb 铃茵陈
Chinese Soapberry Fruit 无患子
Chinese St. John´swort Root 金丝桃
Chinese Starjasmine Stem 络石藤
Chinese Stellera Root 瑞香狼毒
Chinese Tallowtree Root-bark 乌桕
Chinese Tamarisk Twig 西河柳
Chinese Taxillus Twig 桑寄生
Chinese Thorowax Root / 柴胡
Red Thorowax Root
Chinese Trumpetcreeper Flower Common TrumpetcreeperFlower 凌霄花
Chinese Umbrellaleaf Rhizome and Root 窝儿七
Chinese Usnea 松萝
Chinese Waxgourd Peel 冬瓜皮
Chinese Waxgourd Semen  冬瓜子
Chinese Waxmyrtle Bark 杨梅
Chinese Wedelia Herb 澎蜞菊
Chinese White Olive 青果
Chinese Wingmut Leaf 枫杨叶
Chinese Wolfberry Root-bark 低骨皮
Chingma Abutilon Seed 苘麻子
Chinse Clinopodium Herb / Manyhead Clinopodium Herb 断血流
Cholla Stem 仙人掌
Chrysanthemum 菊花
Cicada Slough 蝉蜕
Ciliatenerve Knotweed Root 朱砂莲
Cinchona Bark 金鸡纳皮
Cinnabar 朱砂
Citron Fruit 香橼
Clam Shell 蛤壳
Clematis Root 威灵仙
Clethra Loosestrife Herb 珍珠菜
Climbing Fig Fruit 薜荔果
Climbing Groundsel Herb 千里光
Clinopodium Herb 剪刀草
Cluster Mallow Fruit 冬葵子
Coastal Glehnia Root 北沙参
Coca Leaf 古柯叶
Cochinchina Momordica Seed 木鳖子
Cochinchnese Asparagus Root 天门冬
Cockscomb Flower 鸡冠花
Coffee Senna Seed 望江南
Coix Seed 薏苡仁
Coloed Mistletoe Herb 槲寄生
Colophony 松香
Combined Spicebush Root 乌药
Common Achyranthes Herb 倒扣草
Common Adenostema Herb 下田菊
Common Aeschynomene Herb 田皂角
Common Alocasia Rhizome 海芋
Common Alstonia Leaf 灯台叶
Common Andrographis Herb 穿心莲
Common Anemarrhena Rhizome 知母
Common Baphicacanthus Rhizome and Root 马蓝
Common Bletilla Pseudobulb 白及
Common Bluebeard Herb 兰香草
Common Bombax Flower 木棉花
Common Burreed Rhizome 三棱
Common Camptotheca Fruit 喜树果
Common Carpesium Fruit 鹤虱
Common Cephalanoplos Herb 小蓟
Common Cissampelos Herb 亚乎奴
Common Clubmoss Herb 伸筋草
Common Cnidium Fruit 蛇床子
Common Coltsfoot Flower 款冬花
Common Crapemyrtle Leaf 紫薇叶
Common Curculigo Rhizome 仙茅
Common Dayflower Herb 鸭跖草
Common Ducksmeat Herb 浮萍
Common Dysosmatis Rhizome and Root / Sixangular Dysosmatis Rhizome and Root   八角莲
Common Fenugreek Seed 葫芦巴
Common Fibraurea Stem 黄藤
Common Floweringquince Fruit 木瓜
Common Four-o´clock Root 紫茉莉根
Common Foxglove Leaf 洋地黄叶
Common Gendarussa Herb 小驳骨
Common Goldenrod Herb 一只黄花
Common Heron´sbill Herb 长嘴老鹳草


Common Jasminorange Leaf and Twig 九里香
Common Jointfir Stem 买麻藤
Common Knotgrass Herb 编蓄
Common Lantana Leaf 马缨丹
Common Leafflower Herb 叶下珠
Common Lophatherum Herb 淡竹叶
Common Macrocarpium Fruit 山茱萸
Common Melastoma Herb 野牡丹
Common Monkshood Mother Root 川乌
Common Nandina 天竺子
Common Russianthistle Herb 猪毛菜


Common Sage Herb 荔枝草
Common Scouring Rush  Herb 木贼
Common Selfheal Fruit-Spike 夏枯草
Common Smoketree Twig and Leaf 黄栌
Common Squill Bulb 鲜白头
Common St. John´swort Herb 贯叶金丝桃
Common Threewingnut Root 雷公藤
Common Vladimiria Root 川木香
Common wedgelet Fern Leaf 乌韭
Common Yam Rhizome / Wingde Yan Rhizome 山药
Copperleaf Herb 铁苋菜
Coral Ardisia Root 朱砂根
Coralhead Plant Seed 相思子
Coriander Fruit 芫荽子
Corn Stigma 玉米须
Coromadel Coast Falsemallow Herb 黄花棉
Corymbose Hedyotis Herb 水线草
Costustoot 木香
Cottonrose Hibiscus Leaf 木芙蓉叶
Cowherb Seed 王不留行
Creeping Dichondra Herb 马蹄金
Creeping Rostellularia Herb 爵床
Creeping Woodsorrel Herb 酢浆草
Crispateleaf Ardisia Root 百两金
Croton Seed 巴豆
Cudweed Herb 鼠曲草
Cuneate Lespedeza 铁扫帚
Curly Bristlethistle Herb 飞廉
Cushaw Seed 南瓜子
Cuttlebone 海螵蛸
Cyrtomium Rhizome 贯众
Dactylicapnos Root 紫金龙
Daghestan Sweetclover Herb 辟汗草
Dahurian Angelica Root/Taiwan Angelica Root  白芷
Dahurian Patrinia Herb / Whiteflower Patrinia Herb 败酱草
Dahurian Rhododendron Leaf 满山红
Dahurian Rose Fruit 刺玫
Danshen Root 丹参
Dark Plum fruit 乌梅
Daylily Root / Citron Daylily / Small Yellow Daylily 萱草根
Decumbent Bugle Herb 筋骨草
Decumbent Corydalis Tuber 夏天无
Dendrobium  石斛
Densefruit Pittany Root-bark 白鲜皮
Desertliving Cistanche 肉苁蓉
Devilpepper Root /Java Devilpepper Root 萝芙木
Devil´s Rush Herb 龙须草
Diels Stephania Root 血散薯
Digitalis Lanata Leaf 毛花洋地黄叶
Digua Fig Stem 地石榴
Discolor Cinquefoil Herb 翻白草
Divaricate Saposhnikovia Root 防风
Divaricate Strophantus Seed 羊角拗子
Diverse Wormwood Herb 刘寄奴
Diversifolious Patrinia Root /Scabrous Patrinia Root 墓头回
Dock Root 土大黄
Doederlein´s Spikemoss Herb 石上柏
Dogbane Leaf 罗布麻叶
Dog´s Testis and Penis 狗肾
Donkey-hide Glue 阿胶
DoubleteethPubescentAngilicaRoot/Pubescent Angelica Root 独活
Downy Groundcherry Fruit or Herb 灯笼草
Downy Rosemyrtle Root 岗稔根
Dragonhead Herb 全缘叶青兰
Dragon´s Blood 血竭
Dragon´s Tongue Leaf 龙利叶
Drgon´s Bones , Fossilizid 龙骨
Dried Ginger 干姜
Dried Lacquer 干漆
Dried Longan Pulp  龙眼肉
Drug Sweetflag Rhizome 菖蒲
Dutchmanspipe Fruit 马兜铃
Dutchmanspipe Vine / 天仙藤

Northern Dutchmanspipe Vine
Dwarf Lilyturf Tuber 麦冬
Earthworm 地龙
East Asian Tree Fern Rhizome 狗脊
Elecampane Inula Root 土木香
Emblic Leafflower Fruit 余甘子
English Walnut Seed 胡桃仁
Entada Sten 瞌藤子
Entadae Stem 过江龙
Ephedra Herb 麻黄
Epigeal Srephaia Root 地不容
Epimedium Herb 淫羊藿
Erect St. John´swort Herb 小连翘
Ergot 麦角
Eriocarpous Glochidion Leaf 漆大姑
Eucommia Bark 杜仲
European Grape Fruit 索索葡萄
European Hop Flower 啤酒花
European Verbena 马鞭草
European Waterhemlock Root 毒芹
False Chinese Swertia Herb 当药
Falsehellebore Root and Rhizome 藜芦
Falsesour Cherry 樱桃核
Fangchi Root 广防已
Feather Cockscomb Seed 青葙子
Fennel Fruit 小茴香
Fermented Soybean 淡豆豉
Fewflower Lysionotus Herb 石吊兰
Field Sowthistle Herb 苣荬菜
Fig  无花果
Figwort Root 玄参
FigwortflowerPicrorhizaRhizome 胡黄连
Filiform Cassytha Herb 无根藤
Fimbriae Orostachys  瓦松
Fineleaf Schizonepeta Herb 荆芥
Finger Citron 佛手
Fistular Onion Stalk 葱白
Fiveleaf Gynostemma Herb 绞股蓝
Flabelate Maiden-hair Herb 过坛龙
Flastem Milkvetch Seed 沙苑子
Flos Caryophyllata 丁香
Fluorite 紫石英
Forbes Wildginger Herb 杜衡
Forest Frog´s Oviduct 蛤蟆油
Forrest Silkvine Stem or Root 黑骨头
Fortune Eupatorium Herb 佩兰
Fortune Firethorn Fruit 救兵粮
Fortune Loosestrife Herb 星宿菜
Fortune Meadowrue Herb 白蓬草
Fortune Paulownia Fruit /Royal Paulownia Fruit 泡桐果
Fortune Plumyew Twig and Leaf  三尖杉
Fortune Windmillpalm Petiole 棕榈
Fortune´s Drynaria Rhizome 骨碎补
Fourstamen Stephania Root 粉防己/汉防己
Fragrant Eupatorium Herb 飞机草
Fragrant Plantainlily Herb 玉簪
Fragrant Sarcococca Herb 清香桂
Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome 玉竹
Franchet Groundcherry Calyx and Fruit 锦灯笼
Frangrant Ainsliaea Herb 杏香兔耳风
Frankincense 乳香
Freshwater Sponge 紫梢花
Fringed Iris Herb 铁扁担
Fruticose Breyniae Leaf and Twig 黑面神
Gadfly 虻虫
Galanga Galangal Seed 红豆蔻
Galanga Resurrectionlily Rhizome 山柰
Gall 胆汁
Gambir Plant 钩藤
Gansui Root 甘遂
Garcinia Bark 山竹子
Garden Balsam  急性子
Garden Balsam Stem 透骨草
Garden Burnet Root 地榆
Garden Euphorbia Herb 飞扬草
Garlic  大蒜
Garter Snake 乌梢蛇
Gecko 壁虎
Giant Knotweed Rhizome 虎杖
Giant St.John´swort Herb 红旱莲
Giant Typhonium Rhizome 白附子
Giantleaf Ardisia Rhizome   走马胎
Ginkgo Leaf  银杏叶
Ginkgo Seed 白果
Ginseng 人参
Girald Pteroxygonum Root 红药子
Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome 土茯苓
Glabrous Sarcandra Herb 肿节风
Glandularstalk St.PaulswortHerb / Common St.Paulswort Herb 豨莶草
Globeamaranth Flower 千日红
Glossy Privet Fruit 女贞子
Glutinosae Rice Root 糯稻根
Golden Larch Bark 土荆皮
Golden Thread 黄连
Goldhair Hedyotis Herb 黄毛耳草
Goosegrass Herb 牛筋草
Gordon Euryale Seed 芡实
Graceful Jessamine Herb 断肠草
Grand Torreya Seed 榧子
Granesbill Herb 短嘴老鹳草
Grassleaf Sweelflag Rhizome 石菖蒲
Great Burdock Achene 牛蒡子
Great Willowherb Herb 柳兰
Greater Celandine Herb 白屈菜
Green Bristlegrass Herb 狗尾草
Green Tangerine Peel 青皮
Grosvener Siraitia 罗汉果
Ground Beeltle 土鳖虫
Guava Leaf 番石榴叶
Gynura Root 红背三七
Gypsum 石膏
Gypsum 北寒水石
Gypsum 玄精石
Hainan Ervatamia Root 单根木
Hairy Antler 鹿茸
Hairyvein Agrimonia Herb and Bud 仙鹤草
Halite 大青盐
Halloysit 赤石脂
Hance Brandisia Herb 蜜桶花
Hance Pepper Stem and Leaf 山蒟
Hare Dung 望月砂
Harlequin Glorybower Leaf and Twig 臭梧桐
Hawksbill Carapace 玳瑁
Hawthorn Fruit 山楂
Heartleaf Houttuynia Herb 鱼腥草
Hedge Prinsepia Nut  蕤仁
Hedgehog Hide 刺猬皮
Hematite 赭石
Hemp Fruit 火麻仁
Hempleaf Negundo Chastetree Leaf 牡荆叶
Hemsley Rockvine Root 三叶青
Henbane Leaf 莨菪叶
Henbane Seed 天仙子
Henry Clematis Root 雪里开
Heterohairy Monkshood Root 小白撑
Heterophyllous Wing SeedtreeRoot 半枫荷根
Heterophylly Falsestarwort Root 太子参
Himalayan Teasel Root 续断
Hindu Datura Flower /Hairy Datura Flower 洋金花
Hiraute Shiny Bugleweed Herb 泽兰
Honey 蜂蜜
Honeycomb 蜂房
Honeysuckle Flower 金银花
Hoodshaped Alocasia Rhizome 老虎芋
Horse Bezoar 马宝
Horseweed Herb 小飞蓬
Hot Pepper 辣椒
Human Placenta 紫河车
Humifuse Euphorbia Herb 地锦草
Hupeh Anemone Herb 打破碗花花
Hupeh Bauhinia Root  羊蹄甲
Hupeh Fritillary Bulb 湖北贝母
Hypoglaucous Collett Yam Rhizome 粉萆解
Immature Bitter Orange 枳实
Incised Corydalis Herb 紫花鱼灯草
Incised Notopterygium Rhizome /Forbes Notopterygium Rhizome  羌活
India Canna Rhizome  美人蕉根
India Madder Root 茜草
India Mustard Seed 芥子
Indian Azalea Leaf 红花杜鹃
Indian Buead 茯苓
Indian Damnacanthus Herb 虎刺
Indian Epimeredi Herb 防风草
Indian Iphigenia Bulb 山慈菇
Indian Kalimeris Herb 马兰
Indian Mockstrawberry Herb 蛇莓
Indian Rorippa Herb 旱菜
Indian Skullcap Herb 疔疮草
Indian Stringbush Root 了哥王
Indian Trum etflower Seed 木蝴蝶
Indian Zehneria Herb 马包儿
Indigowoad Leaf 大青叶
Indigowoad Root 板蓝根
Inula Flower 旋覆花
Involute Spikemoss Herb 兖州卷柏
Irkutsk Anemone Rhizome 九节菖蒲
Ivy Glorybind Rhizome 打碗花
Ivy Tree Bark 鸭脚木
Japan Clover Herb 鸡眼草
Japanese Ampelopsis Root 白蔹
Japanese Ardisia Herb 矮地茶
Japanese Buttercup Herb 毛茛
Japanese Cayratia Herb 乌蔹莓
Japanese Climbing Fern Spore 海金沙
Japanese Dock Root 羊蹄
JapaneseFloweringFernRhizome 紫萁贯众
Japanese Ginseng 竹节参
Japanese Honeysuckle Stem 忍冬藤
Japanese Hop Herb 路草
Japanese Metaplexis Pericarp 天浆壳
Japanese Milkwort Herb 瓜子金
Japanese Pachysandra Herb 雪山林
Japanese Peristrophe Herb 九头狮子草
Japanese Polypody Rhizome 水龙骨
Japanese Premna Herb 腐婢
Japanese Raspberry Root 天青地白
Japanese Snailseed Root 木防己
Japanese Snakegourd Root 王瓜根
Japanese St. John´swort Herb 田基黄
Japanese Stephania Root 千金藤
Japanese Thistle Herb or Root 大蓟
Japanese Wormwood Herb 牡蒿
Japonese Pearlwort Herb 漆姑草
Japonica China Fern Rhizome 狗脊贯众
Java Brucea Fruit 鸦胆子
Jiuxiang Bug 九香虫
Kadsura Pepper Stem  海风藤
Kadsura Root-bark 紫荆皮
Katsumade Galangal Seed 草豆蔻
Kelp 昆布
Kirilow Groundsel Herb 狗舌草
Knoxia Root 红大戟
Korean Monkshood Root  关白附
Kudzuvine Root 葛根
Kusamaki Seed 罗汉松
Kusnezoff Monkshood Root 草乌
Lac 紫草茸
Laciniate Kalanchoe Herb 鸡爪三七
Ladybell Root 南沙参
Lalang Grass Rhizome 白茅根
Lance Asiabell Root 羊乳
Lancelesf Lily Bulb / Greenish Lily Bulb / Low Lily Bulb 百合
Langdu Root 狼毒


Largeflower Jasmine Flower 素馨花
Largehead AtractylodesRhizome 白术
Largeleaf Gentian Root / 秦艽

Straw-coloured Gentian Root  
Largetrifoliolious Bugbane Rhizome 升麻
Lawn Pennywort Herb 天胡荽
Leatherleaf Mahonia Stem Chinese Mahonia Stem 功劳木
Leech 水蛭
Lemonfragrant Angelica Root 香白芷
Lemongrass Herb 香茅
Lepidogrammitis Herb 鱼鳖草
Lesser Galangal Rhizome 高良姜
Levant Cotton Root 棉花根
Lightyellow Sophora Root 苦参
Lilac Daphne Flower Bud 芫花
Lilyofthevalley Herb 铃兰
Limonite 禹余粮
Lindley Butterflybush Herb 醉鱼草
Lindley Eupatorium Herb 野马追
Linear Leaf Speedwell 一支香
Linear Stonecrop Herb 佛假草
Linearstripe Rabdosia Herb 溪黄草
Liquoric Root 甘草
Lithargite 密陀僧
Little Multibanded Krait 金钱白花蛇
Littleleaf Indianmulberry Herb 白眼藤
Lobed Actinostemma Herb 盒子草
Lobedfruit SchizocapsaRhizome 水田七
Long Pepper 筚茇
Long Stephania Herb 粪箕笃
Longhairy Antenoron Herb 金钱草
Long-nosed Pit Viper 蕲蛇
Longstamen Onion Bulb 薤白
Longtube Ground Ivy Herb 连钱草
Loquat Leaf 枇杷叶
Lotus Leaf 荷叶
Lotus Plumule 莲子心
Lotus Rhizome Node 藕节
Lotus Seed Pot 莲房
Lotus Stamen 莲须
Lovely Hemsleya Root 雪胆
Lowdaphne Stringbush Flower and Leaf 黄芫花


Lucid Ganoderma 灵芝
Luckynut Thevetia Seed 黄花夹竹桃


Lunate Peltate Sundew Herb 茅膏菜
Lushan Mountain Barberry Root 刺黄莲
Lychee Seed 荔枝核
Madagascar Periwinkle Herb 长春花
Magnetite 磁石
Maifanite 麦饭石
Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit 补骨脂
Male Fern Rhizome 绵马贯众
Malt 麦芽
Manchurian Lilac Bark 暴马子皮
Manchurian Rhododendron Leaf 照山白
Manchurian Tubergourd Fruit 赤袍子
Manchurian Wildginger 细辛
Manshurian Dutchmanspipe Stem 关木通
Mantis Egg-case 桑螵蛸
Manyflower Gueldenstaedtid Herb 甜地丁
ManyflowerSolomonsealRhizome / Siberian Solomonseal Rhizome / King Solomonseal Rhizome 黄精
Manyprickle Acanto-Panax Root 刺五加
Mary Rhododendron Leaf and Twig 紫花杜鹃
Matteuccia Fern Rhizome  荚果蕨贯众  
Meadowrue Root and Rhizome 马尾连
Medcinal Evodia Fruit 吴茱萸
Medicated Leaven 六神曲
Medicinal Changium Root 明党参
Medicinal Cyathula Root 川牛膝
Medicinal Indianmulberry Root 巴戟天
Medicine Terminalia Fruit 诃子
Membranous Milkvetch Root / 黄芪
Mongolian Milkcetch Root
Mexican Tea Herb 土荆芥
Mile Swertia Herb 青叶胆
Mirabilite 芒硝
Moellendorf´s Spidemoss Herb 地柏枝
Mole Cricket 蝼蛄
Mongolian Dandelion Herb 蒲公英
Mongolian Snakegourd Root 天花粉
Mongollian Thyme Herb 地椒
Motherwort Fruit 茺蔚子
Motherwort Herb 益母草
Mountain Dragon  古山龙
Mountain Spicy Tree Fruit 毕澄茄
Mountain Yam Rhizome 山萆解
Mulberry Fruit 桑椹
Mulberry Leaf 桑叶
Mulberry Twig  桑枝
Mullein Mightbrier Leaf 假烟叶
Mus Covite 云母
Musk 麝香
Muskmelon Base 甜瓜蒂
Muskmelon Seed 甜瓜子
Muskroot-like Semiaquilegia Root 天葵子
Myrrh 没药
Nacre  珍珠母
Nakedflower Beautyberry Leaf 裸花紫珠
Nardostachyos Root and Rhizome 甘松
Narrowleaf Screwtree Root 山芝麻
Natant Salvinia Herb 槐叶苹
Natural Indigo 青黛
Negundo Chastetree Fruit 黄荆子
Negundo Chastetree Leaf 黄荆叶
Ningpo Yam Rhizome  穿山龙
Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome 香附
Nutmeg 肉豆蔻
Nux Vomica  马钱子

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Obcordate Raspberry Root 黄锁梅
Obscured HomalomenaRhizome 千年健
Obtuseleaf Cinnamon Bark 山肉桂
Officinal Asparagus Root 石刁柏
Officinal Magnolia Bark 厚朴
Omoto Nipponlily Rhizome 白河车
Ophicslcite 花蕊石
Opium 阿片
Oriental Bittersweet Root 南蛇藤根
Oriental Blechnum Fern Rhizome 乌毛蕨贯众
Oriental Stephania Root 白药子
Oriental Waterplantain Rhizome 泽泻
Orpiment 雌黄
Ovalleaf  Dutchmanspipe Root 通城虎
Ovateleaf Holly Bark 救必应
Ovientvine 青风藤
Oyster Shell 牡蛎
Pagodatree Flower Bud 槐米
Pagodatree Pod 槐角
Pale Butterflybush Flower 密蒙花
Palmleaf Raspberry Fruit 覆盆子
Pangolin Scales 穿山甲
Panicled Fameflower Root 土人参
Paniculate Swallowwort Root 徐长卿
Papaya 番木瓜
Papermulberry Fruit 楮实子
Parslane Herb 马齿苋
Patience Dock Root 牛西西
Peach Seed 桃仁
Pearl 珍珠
Pedate Pinallia Jackinthepulpit Rhizome 天南星
Pedunculate Acronychia Wood 沙塘木
Peking Euphorbia Root 京大戟
Pepper 胡椒
Pepper Wort Herb 田字草
Peppermint 薄荷
Pepperweed Seed / Tansymustard Seed 葶苈子
Perfoliote Knotweed Herb 杠板归
Perilla Fruit 紫苏子
Perilla Leaf 紫苏叶
Perilla Stem 紫苏梗
Persimmon Calyx and Receptacle 柿蒂
Pevuvian Apple Herb 冰粉
Pharbitis Seed 牵牛子
Philippine Flemingia Root 千金拔
Philippine Violet Herb 紫花地丁
Phoenix Tree Seed 梧桐子
Pillbug 鼠妇虫
Pilose Asiabell Root /Moderate Asiabell Root/Szechwon Tangshen Root 党参
Pine Leaf 松毛
Pine Nodular Branch 油松节
Pine Pollen 松花粉
Pinellia Tuber 半夏
Pink Herb 瞿麦
Pink Plumepoppy Herb 博落回
Pink Reineckea Herb 吉祥草
Pipe fish  海龙
Plant Soot 百草霜
Plantain Herb 车前草
Plantain Seed 车前子
Platycladi Seed 柏子仁
Platycodon Root 桔梗
Poisonous Buttercup Herb 石龙芮
Pokeberry Root 商陆
Pomegranate Rind 石榴皮
Prepared Common Monkshood Daughter Root 附子
Prepared Salt 秋石
Pricklyash Peel 花椒
Prince´s-feather Fruit 水荭花子
Prince´s-feather Herb 荭草
Puberulous Glochidion Herb 算盘子
Pubescent Holly Root 毛冬青
Pubescent Pepper Herb 毛蒟
Puff-ball 马勃
Pumice 浮石
Pummelo Peel 化橘红
Puncturevine Caltrop Fruit 蒺藜
Purple Lythrum Herb 千屈菜
Purpleflower Crotalaria Herb 农吉利
Purpleflower Holly Leaf  四季青
Purslane Speedwell Herb 仙桃草
Pyrite 自然铜
Pyrolusite 无名异
Pyrrosia Leaf 石韦
Quartz 白石英
Radde Anemone Rhizome 竹节香附
Radish Seed 莱菔子
Raisin Tree Seed 枳具子
Ramie Root 苎麻根
Rangooncreeper Fruit 使君子
Realgar 雄黄
Red Ochre 代赭石
Red Paeony Root 赤芍
Red Psychotria Leaf 山大颜
Red-Knees Herb 辣蓼
Reed Rhizome 芦根
Rehmannia Root 地黄
Remote Lemongrass Herb 芸香草
Rhesus Macaque Bezoar 猴枣
Rhubarb 大黄
Rice Bean 赤小豆
Rice-grain Sprout 谷芽
Ricepaperplant Pith 通草
Rivier Giantarum Rhizome 魔芋
Romanet Grape Root 野葡萄
Rose 玫瑰花
Rose Mallow Root 地桃花
Rosewood Heart Wood 降香
Roughhaired Holly Root 岗梅根
Round Cardamom Fruit /Java Amomum Fruit 白豆蔻
Rush 灯心草
Rust-coloured Crotalaria Herb 假地兰
Safflower 红花
Saffron 西红花
Sago Leaf 凤尾蕉叶
Sal Ammoniac 硇砂
Sampson St. John´swort Herb 元宝草
Sanchi 三七
Sandalwood 檀香
Sappan Wood 苏木
Sargentgloryvine Stem 大血藤
Sarmentose Pepper Herb 假蒟
Savoury Rhododendron Leaf 烈香杜鹃
Sawtooth Oak Bark 橡木皮
Saxifraga 虎耳草
Scabrous Doellingeria Rhizome and Root 东风菜
Scabrous Elephantfoot Herb 地胆头
Scabrous Mosla Herb 石荠苧
Scandent Schefflera Stem and Leaf 七叶莲
Scarlet Kadsura Root 黑老虎根
Scorpion 全蝎
Sea Horse 海马
Sea-ear Shell 石决明
Seaweed 海藻
Semen Nelumbinis 莲子
Semi-pinnated Brake Herb 半边旗
Senna Leaf 番泻叶
Sensitiveplat Herb 含羞草
Serpoletleaf Sandwort Herb 小无心菜
Serrate Chloranthus Root 及己
Serrate Gtorybower Herb 三对节
Sessile Stemona Root/Japanese Stemona Root/Tuber Stemona Root 百部
Sessileflower Acanthopanax Bark 短梗五加
Sevenlobed Yam Rhizome / Foochow Yam Rhizome 绵萆解
Sharpleaf Galangal Fruit 益智仁
Sheepear Inula Herb 羊耳菊
Shepherdspurse Herb 荠菜
Shiny Cinquefoil Root 翻白叶
Shinyleaf Pricklyash Root 两面针
Shorthairy Antenoron Herb 金线草
Shortleaf Kyllinga Herb 水蜈蚣
Shortstalk Monkshood Root/Pendulous Monkshood Root  雪上一只蒿
Shorttube Lycoris Bulb 石蒜
Shouliang Yam Rhizome 薯莨
Shrubalthea Bark 川槿皮
Siberian Cocklour Fruit 苍耳子
Silktree Albizzia Bark 合欢皮
Simple Glorybower Root 臭茉莉
Simpleleaf Shrub Chastetree Fruit 蔓荆子
Sinense Knotweed Rhizome 蜈蚣七
Single Roxburgh Rose Fruit 刺梨果
Sinkiang Arnebia Root /Redroot Gromwell Root 紫草
Sinkiang Fritillary Bulb 伊贝母
Skyblue Broomrape Herb 列当
Slender Dutchmanspipe Root 青木香
Slenderstyle Acanthopanax Bark 五加皮/南
Small Centipeda Herb 鹅不食草
Smallfruit Fig Aerial Root 榕须
Smallfruit Rose Root 小果蔷薇  
Snake Slough 蛇蜕
Snakegourd Fruit 瓜蒌
Snakegourd Seed 瓜蒌仁
Snow Lotus Herb 雪莲花
Snow of June Herb 六月雪
Snowbell-leaf Tickclover Herb 广金钱草
Soda-apple Night-shade Herb 天茄子
Songaria Cynomorium Herb 锁阳
South Dodder Seed / Chinese Dodder Seed 菟丝子
Sowthistle Tasselflower Herb 一点红
Soybean Germinated  大豆黄卷
Spanishneedles Herb / Railway Beggarticks Herb 鬼针草
Spiderflower Seed 白花菜子
Spike Aletris Herb 粉条儿菜
Spina Date Seed 酸枣仁
Spiny Amarauth Herb or Root 刺苋菜
Spreading Hedyotis Herb 白花蛇舌草
Sri Lanka Pouzolzia Herb 雾水葛
Stalactite 钟乳石
Star Anise 八角茴香
Starwort Root 银柴胡
Stiff Silkworm 僵蚕
Stone-like Omphalia 雷丸
Stringy Stonecrop Herb 垂盆草
Striped Crotalaria Herb 猪屎豆
Suberect Spatholobus Stem 鸡血藤
Suffrutescent Securinega Twig 叶底珠
Sulphur 硫黄
Sun Euphorbia Herb 泽漆
Sunflower Receptacle 向日葵
Sunset Abelmoschus Root 黄蜀葵
Swamp Mahogany Leaf 大叶桉叶
Sweet Basil Herb 罗勒
Sweet Broomwort Herb 冰糖草
Sweet Osmanthus Flower 桂花
Sweet Wormwood Herb 青蒿
Sweetscented Oleander Leaf 夹竹桃叶
Sword Jackbean Seed 刀豆子
Swordlike Atractylodes Rhizome / Chinese Atractylodes Rhizome 苍术
Szechuan Lovage Rhizome 川芎
Szechuan Melandium Root 瓦草
Szechwan Chinaberry Fruit 川楝子
Tabasheer 天竺黄
Taiwan Beautyberry Leaf 紫珠叶
Talc 滑石
Tall Gastrodia Tuber 天麻
Tamarind Pulp 酸角
Tamariskoid Spikemoss Herb 卷柏
Tangerine Peel 陈皮
Tangerine Seed 橘核
Tangut Anisodus Radix 山莨菪
Tatarian Aster Root 紫菀
Tenacious Condorvine Stem 通光藤
Tender Catchweed Bedstraw Herb 猪殃殃
Ternate Grape Fern Herb 阴地蕨
Thatch Screwpine Root 露兜勒
Thickleaf Croton Root 鸡骨香
Thin Evodia Twig and Leaf 三叉苦
Thinleaf Adina Fruit 水杨梅
Thinleaf Milkwort Root-bark 远志
Thorny Elaeagnus Leaf 胡颓子叶
Threevein Aster 红管药
Thunberg Fritillary Bulb 浙贝母
Thymifoious Euphorbia Herb 小飞扬草
Tinospora Stem 宽根藤
Toad Skin 蟾蜍皮
Toad Venom 蟾酥
Tokay 蛤蚧
Tortoise Shell 龟甲
Towel Gourd Stem 丝瓜藤
Towel Gourd Vegetable Sponge 丝瓜络
Tree Peony Bark 牡丹皮
Tree-of-heaven Ailanthus Bark 椿皮
Tremolite or Tremolite asbestos 阳起石
Trifoliate Acanthopanax Root 三叶五加
Trifoliate Jewelvine Root or Stem 鱼藤
Trifoliate-orange Immature Fruit 枸橘
Triquetrous Tadehagi Herb 葫芦茶
Trogopterus Dung 五灵脂
Tsaoko Amomum Fruit 草果
Tuber Fleeceflower Root 何首乌
Tuber Fleeceflower Stem 夜交藤
Tuber Onion Seed 韭菜子
Tuberculate Speranskia Herb 珍珠透骨草
Tuberous Sword Fern Rhizome 肾蕨
Turmeric 姜黄
Turmeric Root-tuber 郁金
Turtle Shell 鳖甲
Twelvestamen Melastoma Herb 地捏
Twotooth Achyranthes Root 牛膝
Umbellate Rockjasmine Herb 点地梅
Uncinata Spikemoss Herb 翠云草
Unibract Fritillary Bulb 川贝母
Uniflower Swisscentaury Root 漏芦
Ussuriensis Fritillary Bulb 平贝母
Valerian Root 缬草
Vermiculite 金精石
Vermiculite Schist seu / Hydrobiotite Schist 金礞石
Veronicastrum Herb 腹水草
Vietnamese Sophora Root 山豆根
Villous Amomum Fruit / Cocklebur-like Amomum Fruit 砂仁
Virgate Wormwood Herb / Capillary Wormwood Herb 茵陈
Water Calptrop Base and Peel 菱
Watermeion Peel 西瓜皮
Waternut Herb 通天草
Weeping Forsythiae Capsule 连翘
White Hyacinth Bean 白扁豆
White Mulberry Root-bark 桑白皮
White Mustard Seed 白芥子
White Paeony Root 白芍
Whitebackleaf Mallotus Root 白背叶
Whiteflower Hogfennel Root/Common Hongfennel Root 前胡
Whiteflower Leadword Root 白花丹
Whorlleaf Loosestrife Herb 黄开口
Wideleaf Osbeckia Root 朝天罐
Wild Buckwheat Rhizome 金荞麦
Wild Carrot Fruit 南鹤虱
Wild Chrysanthemum 野菊花
Wildcelery Herb 芹菜
Williams Elder Twig 接骨木
Willowleaf Hygrophila Herb 大青草
Willowleaf Swallowwort Rhizome / Glaucescent Swallowwort Rhizome 白前
Wilson Begonia Rhizome 一点血
Winged Euonymus Twig 鬼箭羽
Winged Laggera Herb 鹿耳翎
Wingedtooth Laggera Herb 臭灵丹草
Winterberry Euonymus Herb 丝绵木
Wintersweet Flower 腊梅花
Wooly Datchmanspipe Herb 寻骨风
Wormseed 蛔蒿
Wormseed Mustard 糖芥
Wrinkled Gianthyssop Herb 藿香
Yangtao Actinidia Root 藤梨根
Yanhusuo 延胡索
Yellow Croaker Ear-stone 鱼脑石
Yellowmouth Dutchmanspipe Root 汉中防已
Yerbadetajo Herb 墨旱莲
Yunnan Manyleaf Paris Rhizome / Chinese Paris Rhizome 重楼
Zedoary 莪术
Zhegucai 鹧鸪菜
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发表于 2006-8-25 14:00 | 显示全部楼层

葡萄酒专业词汇英汉对照

第一部分 葡萄酒分类  

  Dry red wine:干红葡萄酒  
  Semi-dry wine:半干葡萄酒  
  Dry white wine:干白葡萄酒  
  Rose wine:桃红葡萄酒  
  Sweet wine:甜型葡萄酒  
  Semi-sweet wine:半甜葡萄酒  
  Still wine:静止葡萄酒  
  Sparkling wine:起泡葡萄酒  
  Claret:新鲜桃红葡萄酒(波尔多产)  
  Botrytised wine:贵腐葡萄酒  
  Fortified wine:加强葡萄酒  
  Flavored wine:加香葡萄酒  
  Brut wine:天然葡萄酒  
  Carbonated wine:加气起泡葡萄酒  
  Appetizer wine( Aperitif):开胃葡萄酒  
  Table wine:佐餐葡萄酒  
  Dessert wine:餐后葡萄酒  
  Champagne:香槟酒  
  Vermouth:味美思  
  Beaujolasis:宝祖利酒  
  Mistelle:密甜尔  
  Wine Cooler:清爽酒  
  Cider:苹果酒  
  Brandy:白兰地  
  Fruit brandy:水果白兰地  
  Pomace Brandy:果渣白兰地  
  Grape brandy:葡萄白兰地  
  Liquor(Liqueur):利口酒  
  Gin:金酒(杜松子酒)  
  Rum:朗姆酒  
  Cocktail:鸡尾酒  
  Vodka:伏特加  
  Whisky:威士忌  
  Spirit:酒精,烈酒  
  Cognac(France) :科尼亚克白兰地(法)  
  Armagnac(France) :阿马尼亚克白兰地(法)  
  Sherry(Spain) :雪莉酒(西班牙)  
  Port(Portuguese) :波特酒(葡萄牙)  
  BDX:波尔多红酒  

第二部分 酿酒微生物  

  Yeast:酵母  
  Wild yeast:野生酵母  
  Yeast hulls:酵母菌皮  
  Dry activity yeast:活性干酵母  
  Bacteria:细菌  
  Malolactic bacteria(MLB) :乳酸菌  
  Lactic acid bacteria(LAB) :乳酸菌  
  Acetic acid bacteria:醋酸菌  
  Spoilage yeast:败坏酵母  

第三部分 生理生化过程  

  Transpiration:蒸腾作用  
  Evaporation:蒸发  
  Photosynthesis:光合作用  
  Maillard Reaction :麦拉德反应  
  Veraison:转色期  
  Saturation:饱和  
  Alcoholic fermentation(AF) :酒精发酵  
  Stuck (Sluggish) Fermentation:发酵停滞  
  Primary Fermentation:前发酵,主发酵  
  Secondary Fermentation;二次发酵  
  Heterofermentation:异型发酵  
  Malolactic fermentation(MLF) :苹果酸-乳酸发酵  
  Malo-Alcohol Fermentation(MAF):苹果酸-酒精发酵  
  Methode Charantaise:夏朗德壶式蒸馏法  
  Maceration Carbonique :CO2浸渍发酵  
  Whole bunch fermentation :CO2浸渍发酵  
  Beaujolasis method:宝祖利酿造法  
  Unareobic fermentation:厌氧发酵法  
  Thermovinification:热浸渍酿造法  
  Charmat method:罐式香槟法  
  Enzymatic browning:酶促褐变  
  Acetification:酸败  
  Ageing:陈酿  
  Sur lies:带酒脚陈酿  
  Esterify:酯化  
  Saccharify:糖化  
  Liquefy: 溶解、液化  
  Bottle aging:瓶内陈酿  
  Amelioration:原料改良  
  Chaptalization:加糖  
  Distillation:蒸馏  
  Fractional Distillation:分馏  
  Rectification:精馏  
  Clarification:澄清  

第四部分 葡萄酒酿酒辅料  

  Betonite:膨润土(皂土)  
  Kieselgur ,diatomite:硅藻土  
  Capsule:胶帽  
  Tin Plat、Foil:锡箔  
  Pigment:颜料、色素  
  Casein:酪蛋白  
  Pectin:果胶酶  
  Silica gel:硅胶  
  Gelatin:明胶  
  Isinglass:鱼胶  
  Egg white:蛋清  
  Albumen:蛋白  
  Blood powder:血粉  

第五部分 理化指标  

  Total acid:总酸  
  Titrable acid:滴定酸  
  Residul sugar:残糖  
  Carbon dioxide:二氧化碳  
  Sugar-free extract:干浸出物  
  Volatile acid:挥发酸  
  Sulfur dioxide:二氧化硫  
  Total sulfur dioxide:总二氧化硫  
  Free sulfur dioxide:游离二氧化硫  
  Copper(Cu):铜  
  Iron(Fe):铁  
  Potassium:钾(K)  
  Calcium(Ca):钙  
  Sodium(Na):钠  

第六部分 物质名词  

  Methanol:甲醇  
  High Alcohol:高级醇  
  Polyalcohol:多元醇  
  Ethyl acetate:乙酸乙酯  
  Flavonol:黄酮醇  
  Glycine:甘油  
  Calcium Pectate:果胶酸钙  
  Ochratoxin:棕曲霉毒素  
  Butanol:丁醇  
  Isobutanol:正丁醇  
  Gastric Acid:胃酸  
  Propanone:丙酮  
  Acetic Acid:乙酸  
  Formic Acid:甲酸,蚁酸  
  Phospholipids:磷脂  
  Amino Acid:氨基酸  
  Fatty Acid:脂肪酸  
  Carbonic Acid:碳酸  
  Carbohydrate:碳水化合物  
  Fixed Acid:固定酸  
  Tartaric Acid:酒石酸  
  Malic Acid:苹果酸  
  Citric Acid:柠檬酸  
  Lactic Acid:乳酸  
  Succinic Acid:琥珀酸  
  Sorbic acid:山梨酸  
  Ascorbic acid:抗坏血酸  
  Benzyl acid:苯甲酸  
  Gallic acid:没食子酸  
  Ferulic Acid:阿魏酸  
  Pcoumaric acid:香豆酸  
  Glucose, Dextrose ,Grape Sugar:葡萄糖  
  Fructose, Fruit Sugar:果糖  
  Cane Sugar, Short Sweetening:蔗糖  
  Polysaccharides:水解多糖  
  Starch :淀粉  
  Amylase:淀粉酶  
  Foam:泡沫  
  Protein:蛋白质  
  Mercaptan:硫醇  
  Thiamine:硫胺(VB1)  
  Ammonium Salt:铵盐  
  Melanoidinen:类黑精  
  Glycerol:甘油,丙三醇  
  Copper citrate:柠檬酸铜  
  Copper sulphate:硫酸铜  
  Hydrogen sulphide:硫化氢  
  Oak (barrel) :橡木(桶)  
  Catechins:儿茶酚  
  Low Flavour Threshold:香味阈值  
  Maillard Reaction:美拉德反应  
  Volatile Phenols:挥发性酚  
  Vanillan:香子兰  
  Vanillin:香草醛,香兰素  
  Linalool:里那醇,沉香醇  
  Geroniol:牻牛儿醇,香茅醇  
  Pyranic acid:丙酮酸  
  Furan Aldehydes:呋喃醛  
  Eugenol:丁香酚  
  Guaiacol:愈创木酚  
  Carbohydrate Degradation Products:碳水化合物降解物  
  Cellulose:纤维素  
  Hemicellulose:半纤维素  
  Hemicellulase:半纤维素酶  
  Maltol:落叶松皮素  
  Oak Lactone:橡木内酯  
  Hydrolysable Tannins:水解单宁  
  Ellagitannins:鞣花单宁  
  Proanthocyanidin:原花色素  
  Relative Astringency(RA):相对涩性  
  Lagic Acid:鞣花酸  
  Polypetide Nitrogen:多肽氮  
  Oxido-reduction Potential:氧化还原电位  
  Condenced Phenols:聚合多酚  
  Poly-phenols:多酚  
  PVP(P):聚乙烯(聚)吡咯烷酮  
  Anthocyanin:花青素  
  Alcohol, ethanol:乙醇  
  Invert Sugar 转化糖  
  Oxygen:氧气  
  Ester:酯类物质  
  Nitrogen:氮气  
  Aroma:果香  
  Virus:病毒  
  Bacteriophage:噬菌体  
  Body:酒体  
  Byproduct:副产物  
  Potassium Bitartrate(KHT):酒石酸氢钾  
  Potassium Sorbate:山梨酸钾  
  Diammonium Phosphate:磷酸氢二铵  
  Potassium Meta-bisulfite (K2S2O5):偏重亚硫酸钾  
  Tannin:单宁  
  Oak tannins:橡木丹宁  
  Undesired (Excessive )Tannins:劣质单宁  
  Desired tannins:优质单宁  
  Enzyme:酶  
  Laccase:漆酶  
  Polyphenol Oxidase(PPO) :多酚氧化酶  
  β-glucosidase:β-葡(萄)糖苷酶  
  β-glucanase:β-葡聚糖酶  
  Mannoproteins:甘露糖蛋白  
  Lees:酒泥  
  Chateau:酒庄  
  Bulk wine、Raw wine:原酒  
  Hygiene:卫生  
  Activated carbon:活性碳  
  Currant:茶蔗子属植物、无核小葡萄干  
  Raspberry:木莓、山莓、覆盆子、悬钩子  

第七部分:设备  

  Filtrate(filtration):过滤  
  Two-way Pump:双向泵  
  Screw Pump:螺杆泵  
  Centrifuge:离心机  
  Distillation:蒸馏  
  Heat Exchanger:热交换器  
  Crusher:破碎机  
  Destemer:除梗机  
  Presser:压榨机  
  Atmosphere Presser:气囊压榨机  
  Screw Presser:连续压榨机  
  Filter:过滤机  
  Bottling Line:灌装线  
  Plate Filtration(filter):板框过滤(机)  
  Vacuum Filtration(filter):真空过滤(机)  
  Depth Filtration(filter):深层过滤(机)  
  Cross Filtration(filter):错流过滤(机)  
  Membrane Filtration(filter):膜过滤(机)  
  Sterile Filtration(filter):除菌过滤(机)  
  Pocket Filtration(filter):袋滤(机)  
  Rotary Machine:转瓶机  
  Pomace Draining:出渣  
  Blending:调配  
  Racking:分离(皮渣、酒脚)  
  Decanting:倒灌(瓶)  
  Remuage:吐渣  
  Fining:下胶  
  Deacidification:降酸  
  Pump over:循环  
  Skin Contact:浸皮(渍)  
  Mix colors:调色  
  Oxidative Ageing Method:氧化陈酿法  
  Reducing Ageing Method:还原陈酿法  
  Stabilization:稳定性  
  Ullage:未盛满酒的罐(桶)  
  Headspace:顶空  
  NTU:浊度  
  Receiving bin:接收槽  
  Corkscrew:开瓶器  
  Distilling Column:蒸馏塔  
  Condenser:冷凝器  
  Heat Exchanger:热交换器  
  Cork:软木塞  
  Cellar:酒窖  
  Wine Showroom:葡萄酒陈列室  
  Optical Density(OD):光密度  
  Metal Crown Lid:皇冠盖  
  Blanket:隔氧层  
  Pasteurisation:巴斯德杀菌法  

第八部分:原料、病虫害、农药  

  Grape Nursery:葡萄苗圃  
  Graft:嫁接苗  
  Scion:接穗  
  Seedling:自根苗  
  Disease:病害  
  Botrytis:灰霉病  
  Downy Mildew:霜霉病  
  Powdery Mildew:白粉病  
  Fan Leaf:扇叶病毒病  
  Anthracnose:炭疽病  
  Mild Powder:灰腐病  
  Black Rotten:黑腐病  
  Noble rot:贵腐病  
  Pearls:皮尔斯病  
  Phylloxera:根瘤蚜  
  Nematode:线虫  
  Bird Damage:鸟害  
  Pest:昆虫  
  Lime Sulphur:石硫合剂  
  Nursery:营养钵  
  Herbicide:除草剂  
  Pesticide:杀虫剂  
  Fungicide:真菌剂  
  Bordeaux mixture:波尔多液  
  Microclimate:微气候  
  Variety:品种  
  Cluster:果穗  
  Rachis:穗轴  
  Scion:接穗  
  Rootstock:砧木  
  Grafting:嫁接  

第九部分: 学科名词  

  Enology:葡萄酒酿造学  
  Pomology:果树学  
  Vinification:葡萄酒酿造法  
  Wine-making:葡萄酒酿造  
  Ampelography:葡萄品种学  
  Viniculture:葡萄栽培学  
  Wine Chemistry 葡萄酒化学  
  Enologist,Winemaker:酿酒师  
  Vintage:年份  
  Inoculation(inoculum):接种(物)  
  MOG(material other than grapes):杂物  
  Terpene:萜烯  
  Terpenol:萜烯醇  


第十部分 葡萄酒等级  

  法国:  
  A.O.C:法定产区葡萄酒  
  V.D.Q.S:优良产区葡萄酒  
  V.D.P:地区餐酒  
  V.D.T:日常餐酒  
  德国:  
  1. Tafelwein:日常餐酒;
  2. Landwein:地区餐酒;
  3. Qualitaetswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete:简称QbA,优质葡萄酒;
  4. Qualitaetswein mit Praedikat:简称QmP,特别优质酒。
  QmP级别内根据葡萄不同的成熟度,还可以细分为6个等级:
  1. Kabinett:珍藏
  2. Spatlese:晚收
  3. Auslese:精选
  4. Beerenauslese:简称BA,颗粒精选
  5. Trockenbeerenauslese:简称TBA,用深度贵腐的葡萄酿成,葡萄大概要失去95
%的水分,酿成的酒也最甜。TBA等级的葡萄酒有的时候就如同蜂蜜那么浓稠,由于产
量很少所以价格通常很高。
  6. Eiswein:冰酒,是用冰冻的葡萄酿造的酒。

第十一部分 葡萄分类及部分品种  

  一、葡萄分类  
  Vitaceae:葡萄科  
  Vine:葡萄树  
  American Vine:美洲种葡萄  
  Franco-american:欧美杂交种  
  Hybrid:杂交品种  
  Wild Grape(Vine):野生葡萄  
  Cultivar:栽培品种  
  Wine Grape:酿酒葡萄  
  Table Grape:鲜食葡萄  
  Seedless Grape:无核(籽)葡萄  
  Grape(Vine) Variety:葡萄品种  

  二、红葡萄品种:  
  Cabernet Sauvignon(France):赤霞珠  
  Cabernet Franc(France):品丽珠  
  Cabernet Gernischt(France) :蛇龙珠  
  Carignan:佳利酿  
  Sinsaut(France) :神索  
  Gamay(France) :佳美  
  Grenache(Spain) :歌海娜  
  Merlot(France) :梅鹿辄  
  Petit Verdot (France) :味尔多  
  Pinot Noir(France) :黑比诺  
  Ruby Cabernet(America) :宝石解百纳  
  Sangiovese(Italy) :桑娇维塞  
  Syrah(France) :西拉  
  Zinfandel(America) :增芳德  
  Muscat Hamburg:玫瑰香  
  Saperavi(Former Soviet Union):晚红蜜  

  三、白葡萄品种:  
  Aligote(France) :阿里高特  
  Chardonney(France) :霞多丽  
  Chenin Blanc(France) :白诗南  
  Traminer(Germany) :琼瑶浆  
  Italian Riesling:贵人香  
  Grey Risling:灰雷司令  
  White Riesling(Germany) :白雷司令  
  Muller-Thurgau(germany) :米勒  
  Muscat Blanc:白麝香  
  Pinot Blanc(France:)白品乐  
  Sauvignon Blanc(France) :长相思  
  Selillon(France) :赛美蓉  
  Silvaner(Germany) :西万尼  
  Ugni Blanc(France) :白玉霓  
  Folle Blanche(France) :白福尔  
  Colombard(France) :鸽笼白  
  Long Yan(China,Changcheng):龙眼  
  Rkatsiteli (Former Soviet Union):白羽  

  四、染色品种:  
  Alicante Bouschet(France) :紫北塞  
  Yan 73(China,Changyu) :烟73  
  Yan 74(China,Changyu) :烟74  


第十二部分 葡萄酒品尝  

  Taste:品尝  
  Clarity:清澈、透明  
  Transparent:透明的  
  Sensation;感觉  
  Bitter Flavors:苦味  
  Off-flavor, Off-smell, Odour:异味  
  Stemmy:果梗味  
  Reduction Smell:还原味  
  Oxidative Smell:氧化味  
  Harmony:协调性  
  Odour:气味  
  Olfactory:嗅觉的  
  Scent:植物香气  
  Aroma:果香  
  Bouquet:酒香  
  Body:酒体  
  Perception:感觉  
  Amber:琥珀色的  
  Ruby:宝石红色  
  Tawny:黄褐色  
  Violet:紫罗兰色  
  Pink:紫红色  
  Brown:褐色的  
  Round:圆润的  
  Full:完整的、丰满的  
  Harmonious:协调的  
  Supple:柔顺的  
  Soft:柔软的  
  Smooth:平滑的  
  Mellower:醇美的  
  Lively:充满活力的  
  Rich:饱满的,馥郁的  
  Fine:细腻的  
  Fresh:清新的  
  Well-balanced:平衡良好的  
  Subtle: 微妙的, 精细的  
  Velvety:柔软的、温和的、柔顺的  
  Fragrant:芳香的、香气幽雅的  
  Flowery:花香的  
  Syrupy:美妙的、甜美的  
  Mellow:甘美的、圆润的、松软的  
  Luscious:甘美的、芬芳的  
  Tranquil:恬静的  
  Spicy:辛辣的  
  Tart:尖酸的  
  Harsh,Hard:粗糙的  
  Lighter:清淡的、轻盈的  
  Thin:单薄的  
  Flat:平淡的  
  Unbalanced:不平衡的  
  Spoiled,Unsound:败坏的  
  Fuller:浓郁的  
  Vinous:酒香的  
  Coarse:粗糙的、粗劣的  
  Piquant:开胃的、辛辣的  
  Tart:尖酸的、刻薄的  
  Astringent:收敛的、苦涩的  
  Conflict:不和谐的  
  Stale:走味的,沉滞的  
  Dull:呆滞的、无活力的  
  Sulphur Taste:硫味  
  Hydrogen Sulphide odour:硫化氢味  
  Taste of Lees:酒泥味  
  Mousiness:鼠臭味  
  Corked Taste,Corkiness,Corky:木塞味  
  ouldy Taste,Musty Taste:霉味  
  Cooked Taste:老化味  
  Resinous:树脂味  
  Casky (Woody )Taste:橡木味,木味  
  Smoke Taste:烟熏味  
  Metallic Flavour:金属味  
  Earthy Taste:泥土味  
  Herbaceous Taste:青草味  
  After Taste:后味  

第十三部分 葡萄酒欣赏与服务  

  Wine Bar:酒吧  
  Sommelier:斟酒服务员  
  Label:酒标  
  Water Jar:斟酒壶  
  Wine Funnel:斟酒漏斗  
  Decanter:细颈玻璃壶  
  Beverage:饮料  
  Soft Drink:软饮料  
  Tumbler:大酒杯、酒桶  
  Palate:味觉、鉴赏力  
  Bouquet:香味  
  Ice-Bucket:冰桶  
  Fruity:果味的  
  Subside:沉淀物  

第十四部分 葡萄酒营养物质名词  

  Nutrition:营养素  
  Free Amino Nitrogen(FAN) :游离氨基酸氮  
  Sterol:甾醇  
  Vitamin:维生素  
  Tocopherol:VE,生育酚  
  Thiamine:VB1,硫胺素  
  Flavin:黄素  
  Riboflavin:VB2,核黄素  
  Nicotinic Acid:烟酸  

第十五部分 葡萄酒分析  

  Determination:检测  
  Titration:滴定  
  Dilute:稀释  
  Litmus Paper:石蕊试纸  
  Reagent:试剂  
  Goggle:护目镜  
  Flask:烧瓶  
  Beaker:烧杯(带倾口)  
  Distilled Water:蒸馏水  
  Hydrometer:液体比重计  
  Refractometer:手持糖量仪  
  High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC):高效液相色谱  
  Paper Chromatography:纸层析法  
  Specific Gravity:比重  
  Sodium Hydroxide:氢氧化钠(NaOH)  
  Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate:邻苯二甲酸氢钾  
  Phenolphthalein:酚酞  
  Pipette:移液管  
  Erlenmeyer Flask:锥形烧瓶  
  Activated Charcoal:活性碳  
  Whatman Filter Paper:沃特曼滤纸  
  PH-meter:PH计  
  Titration End-point:滴定终点  
  Buffer Solution:缓冲液  
  Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate:酒石酸氢钾  
  Calibrate:校准  
  Electrode:电极  
  Starch Indicator:淀粉指示剂  
  Sulphuric Acid:硫酸  
  Pyrex Beaker:耐热烧杯  
  Potassium Iodide:碘化钾(KI)  
  Sodium Thiosulphate:硫代硫酸钠(NaS2SO3)  
  Hydrogen Peroxide:过氧化氢(H2O2)  
  Orthophosphoric Acid:正磷酸  
  Methyl-red:甲基红  
  Ebullioscope(Ebullimeter):酒精计  
  Thermometer:温度计  
  Pycnometer:比重瓶  
  Formic Acid:甲酸(蚁酸)  
  Sodium Formate:甲酸钠  
  Bromophenol Blue:溴酚蓝  
  Agar Plating:琼脂平板培养基  
  Chocolate Agar:巧克力琼脂  
  Corn Meal Agar:玉米粉琼脂  
  Egg Albumin Agar:卵蛋白琼脂  
  Glycerin Agar:甘油琼脂  
  Malt Agar:麦芽汁琼脂(培养基)  
  Nutrient Agar:营养琼脂  
  Plain Agar:普通琼脂  
  Starch Agar:淀粉琼脂  
  Potato-dextrose Agar(P.D.A):土豆-葡萄糖培养基  
  Autoclave:高压锅,灭菌锅  
  Petri Dishes:灭菌盘  
  Low-magnification Microscope:低倍显微镜  
  Micro-loop:接种环  
  Micro-needle:接种针  
  Alcohol Lamp:酒精灯  


第十六部分 葡萄酒病害  

  Copper Casse:铜破败病  
  Ferric Casse:铁破败病  
  Proteinic Casse:蛋白质破败病  
  Blue Casse:蓝色破败病  
  White Casse:白色破败病  
  Oxidasic Casse:氧化酶破败病  
  Micobial Disease:细菌病害  
  Mannitic Disease:甘露醇病

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参与人数 1粮票 +10 收起 理由
Garfield + 10 thanks

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发表于 2006-8-26 23:12 | 显示全部楼层
cool   thank you very much!!!!!!!!

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发表于 2006-8-27 20:49 | 显示全部楼层
斑竹是否有“乳业术语”的中英文对照啊?!
万分感谢!
(嘴大吃四方)

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真晕啊,这么多,眼花缭乱!   I 服了YOU !!!!!!!!
嘴大吃四方
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食品包装名词

食品包装关键名词中英文对照

包装 Package, Packaging     包装形象 Package Image     包装设计 Package Design     包装策略 Package Tactics     销售包装 Sales (or Consumer) Package     出口包装 Export Package     礼品包装 Gift Package     泡罩包装 Blister Package     包装材料 Packaging Materials     包装科学与技术 Packaging Science and Technology     包装工程 Packaging Engineering     包装测试 Package Testing     包半装潢 Package Decorating     包装标准与法规 Package Standards and Statntes     包装有效期 Shelf Life of Package, Package life     食品包装 Food Packaging     绿色包装 Green Packaging     绿色食品 Green Food     企业形象战略 CIS Corporate Identity System     运输包装 Transport Package     内销包装 Domestic Package     组合包装 Constitute Package/ Assembly Package     热收缩包装 Shrink Package     包装容器 Packaging Containers     包装方法 Packaging Method     包装质量 Package Quality     包装管理 Package Management     二.食品包装与方法     食品品质 Food Quality     食品氧化 Food Oxidation     食品微生物 Food Microorganism     食品营养 Food Nutrition     高温杀菌 High Temperature Sterilization     蒸煮袋 Retortable Pouch     冻结 Freezing     化学防腐 Chemical Preservation     辐照防腐 Radiation Asepsis     食品添加剂 Food Additiue     微波灭菌 Micvowave Sterilization     食品脱水 Food Dehydration     食品腌渍防腐 Food Preservation     食品褐变变色 Food Browning     非酶褐变 Non-Enzymaticbrowning     渗透性 Permeability     饱和吸湿量 Saturated Moisture Content     环境因素 Environmental Factor     食品冷藏 Refrigerated Storage of Food     水分活度 Water Actiuity     冷冻调理食品 Frozen Prepared Food     低温贮藏 Low-temperature Storage     冷藏 Refrigerated Storage     冰温贮藏 Ice-temperature Storage     化学防腐剂 Chemical Preservative     辐射剂量 Radiatiue Dosage (or Dosage of Radition)     杀菌剂 Fungicide     微波辐射 Microwaue Radiation     食品浓缩 Food Concentration     食品烟熏防腐 Fumigation Asepsis of Food     酶促褐变 Enzymatic Browning     油脂氧化 Oxidation of Fat and Oils     食品吸湿 Moisture absorbability of food     临界水分值 Critical Moisture Content     三.食品包装材料     纸与纸板 paper and Board     牛皮纸 Kraft Paper     鸡皮纸 W. G. Wrapping Paper     玻璃纸 Glass Paper (Cellophane)     糖果包装纸 Kiss Paper     涂布纸 White Board     白纸板 White board     再生纸板 Reclaimed board     牛皮箱纸板 kraft Liner board     瓦楞纸板 Corrugated Board     瓦楞纸箱 Corrugated Box     折叠盒 Folding Cartons     衬袋盒(箱) Bag-in -box     复合纸罐 Composite Paper-Can     纸质托盘 Paper-Tray     定量 net weight     羊皮纸 Parchment Paper     半透明纸 Semitransparent Paper     普通食品包装纸 Food Packaging Paper     茶叶袋滤纸 Tea Bag Paper     复合纸 Composite Paper     黄纸板 Straw Board     箱纸板 Case Board     瓦楞原纸 Corrugating Base Paper     包装纸箱 Packaging Box     纸盒 Paper Box     固定盒 Set-up Box     纸浆模制品 Pulp Mould     复合纸杯 Composite Paper -Cup     纸袋 Paper Bag     塑料包装材料 Plastic Packaging Materials     热塑性塑料 Thermo Plastic     塑料树脂 Plastic Resin     聚乙烯 Polyethylene     高密度聚乙烯 High Density Polyethylene     聚丙烯 Polypropylene     聚氯乙烯 Polyvinyl Chloride     聚酯 Polyethylene Terephthlate     聚酰胺 Polyamide     乙烯-乙烯醇共聚物 Ethylene-Vinyl Alcohol Copoyhner     离子型聚合物 Ionomer     聚氨脂 Polyurethane     环境可降解塑料 Environmental lysis film     塑料薄膜 Plastic Film     热收缩薄膜 Shrink Film     复合薄膜 Compsite Fism     蒸煮袋 Retortable Pouch     生物降薄膜 Biolysis Film     塑料瓶 Plastic Bottle     热固性塑料 Thermoset Plastic     低密度聚乙烯 Low Density Polyethylene     线型低密度聚乙烯 Linear Low density Polyethylene     聚苯乙烯 Polystyrene     聚偏二氯乙烯 Poly vinylidene Chlorie (saran)     聚碳酸酯 Polycarbonate     聚乙烯醇 Polyvinyl Alcshol     乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物 Ethylene Vinylacetate     聚四氟乙烯(PTFE) Polyterafluoroethylene     定向拉伸薄膜 Stretched Film     弹性薄膜 Elastic Film     塑料薄膜袋 Plastic film Bag     可食薄膜 Edible Film     光降解膜 Light ?lysis Film     塑料桶 Plastic Drum     塑料保温箱 Plastic Foam Box     热成型容器 thermo Form Containers     助剂(添加剂) Additives     增塑剂 Plasticizers     稳定剂 Stabilizers     填充剂 Fillers     着色剂 Colorants     金属包装材料和容器 Metal Packaging Material and Containers     镀锡薄钢板 Tinplate     镀锌薄钢板 Enplate     铝合金薄板 Aluminium Alloy Plate     铝箔 Aluminium Foil     金属罐 Metal Can     两片罐 Two-piece Can     圆罐 Round Can     方罐 Rectagular Can     梯形罐 trapezoidal Can     浅冲罐 Drawn Can     钙塑瓦楞箱 Calp Box     塑料片材 Plastic sheet     毒性 Toxicity     安全性 Safety     透气性 Gas Permeability     透湿性 Water Vapor Permeability     渗透性 Permeability     镀铬薄钢板 Tin-free ?Steel-or TFS     低碳薄钢板 Low Carbon Steel     真空镀铝膜 Al metallizing Fool     三片罐 Three ?piece Can     组合罐 Composite Can     异形罐 Irregular Can     椭圆罐 Oval Can     缩颈罐 Necked-in Can     深冲罐 deep Drawn Can     变薄拉伸罐 Crawn and Ironed Can     焊缝罐 Resistance Welding Can     易开罐 Easy Open Can     铝质罐 aluminum Can     涂料罐 Lacquered Tin Plate Can     罐盖 End (or Lid or Cover)     全开盖 Full Open Can     金属软管 Metal Collapsible Tube     玻璃容器 Glass Containers     瓶罐 Container     轻量瓶 Light weight Container     软饮料瓶 Sofe drink bottle     陶瓷电装容器 Pottery and Porcelain Packaging Containers     包装辅助材料 ancillary Packaging Materials     粘合剂 Adhesive     聚醋酸乙烯 Poly vinyl Acetate     水溶型粘合剂 Water-soluble Adhesive     溶剂型粘合剂 Solvent Adhesive     压敏型粘合剂 Pressure-sensitive Adhesive     锡焊罐 Soldered Can     粘接罐 Cono-weld Can     卷开罐 Key Open Can     索铁罐 Plain Tinplate Can     顶开罐 Open Top Can     易开盖 Easy Open End     金属大桶 Metal Drum     钠钙硅玻璃 Sode-lime-silica Glass     小口瓶 Bottle     啤酒瓶 Beer Bottle     白酒瓶 White Spirit Bottle     乳液型粘合剂 Emulsion Adhesive     热熔型粘合剂 Hotmelt Adhesive     胶乳 Latex     淀粉粘合剂 Starch Adhesive     阿拉伯树胶 Acacia Gum     皮胶 Hide glue     涂料 Coating Material     酚醛树胶(PF) phenol ?formaldehyde Resin     丙烯酸树脂 Acrylics     环氧树脂(EP) Epoxide Resin     防雾滴涂料 Antidimming Paint     桐油 Tung Oil     封缄材料 Closure Material     胶带 gummed Tape     流体密封胶 Fluid Seal-gum     糊精 Dextrin     骨胶 bone glue     干酪素 Casein     天然树脂 Natural Resin     氨基树脂 Amino Resin     防腐涂料 Anticorrosive Paint     防静电涂料 Anti-static Paint     石蜡 Paraffin     捆扎材料 Strapping Material     压敏胶带 Pressure-sensitive Tape     四.食品包装技术和设备     食品包装技术 Food Packaging technology     食品包装机械 Food Packaging Machinery     自动包装机 Automatic Packaging Machine     专用包装机 Special Purpose Packaging Machine     食品充填技术 Food Tilling Technique     灌装技术 Canning Technique     裹包技术 Wrapping Technique     扭结式裹包机 Twist wrapping Machine     拉伸裹包机 Stretch (film) Wrapping Machine     袋装技术 Fill-bag technique     制袋成型-充填-封口包装机 Form/fill/Seal Machine     装盒技术 Cartoning Technique     热成型充填封合包装机 Thermo form/Fill/Seal     热收缩包装技术 Shrinking Packaging Technique     收缩套箍 Bands, shrink (moisture)     防潮包装技术 Water Vapour Proof Packaging Technique     透湿度 Water Vapour Permeability     干燥剂 Desiccating Agent, desiccant     通用包装机 Universal Packaging Machine     多功能包装机 Multi-function Packaging Machine     计量精度 Measuring Precision     灌装机 Canning Machine     折叠式裹包机 Fold Wrapping Machine     缠绕式裹包机 Spiral (or Convdute) Wrapping Machine     袋装机械 Fill-bag Machine     装盒机 Cartoning Machine, Cartoner     热收缩薄膜 Film, Shrink     收缩包装机 Shrink Wrapping Machine     临界水分 Critical Moisture Content     吸潮剂 Demoisturer, Moisture Remouver     真空包装(VP) Vacuum Packaging     改善或控制气氛包 MAP Modified or Controlled Atmosphore Packaging     保鲜包装 Fresh-keeping Packaging     真空包装机 Vacuum Packaging Machine     脱氧包装 De-oxygen Packaging     脱氧剂 deoxygener     无菌包装系统 Aseptic Packaging System     利乐包 Tetra Pak     软罐头 Flexible Can     蒸煮盒 Retortable Box     封口技术 Sealling Technique     塞子 Plug     螺旋盖 Screw Cap     凸耳盖 Twist-off lug Cap     撬开盖 Pry-off Cap,Press-on Cap     热压封合 Heat Sealing     铁落试验 Drop Test     商标 Tradematk     货签 Shipping Tag     压敏标签 Pressure-sensitive Label     充气包装 Gas Packaging     透气度 Gas permeability     充气包装机 gas Flushing Machine     无菌包装(AP) Aseptic Pavckaging     超高温瞬时灭菌(UHT) Ultra High Temperature Short Time     康美盒无菌包 Combibloe Aseptic Package     蒸煮袋 Retortable Pouch     杀菌机 sterilization Machine     盖 Cap, Lid, Cover     防盗盖 Pilfer Proof Cap Tamperproof Cap     滚压盖 Roll-on Cap     王冠盖 grown, Grown Cap     压力试验 Compression Test     标签 Label     吊牌 Tag     胶粘标签 Adhesive Label     热敏标签 heat-sensitive Label     贴标机 Labelling Machine     激光打印 Laser Printing     捆扎机 Strapping Machine     喷墨打印 spray ?ink Printing     捆扎带 Strapping     包装自动线 Automatic Packaging Line     有关包装缩略语和简称一览表          一. 包装材料和容器制品     ABS acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene 丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯 ADH adhesive 粘合剂     AF aluminuj foil 铝箔     AM aluminum metallization 蒸镀铝     ANS acrylonitrile-styrene copolymers 丙烯腈-苯乙烯共聚物     BBP butyl benzyl phthalate 邻苯二甲酸丁苄酯     BIB Bag-in ?box 衬袋箱(盒)     BK bleached kraft 漂白牛皮纸     BMC bulk molding compound 预制整体模塑料     BON biaxially oriented nylon film 双向拉伸尼龙薄膜     BOPP Biaxially oriented polypropylene film 双向拉伸聚丙烯     CELLD cello phane 赛璐玢     COFC container on flat car 平板车集装箱     CRC child-resistant closure 儿童安全盖     DMT dimethyl terephthalate 对苯二甲酸二甲酯     DOA dioctyl akipate 己二酸二辛酯     DOP dioctyl phthalate 邻苯二酸二辛酯     DRD draw redraw (cans) 深冲(罐),冲压-再冲压     DWI draw and ironed (cans) 冲拔罐     EAA ethylene-acrylic acid 乙烯-丙烯酸共聚物     ECCS electrolytic chromium-coated steel 镀络钢     EEA ethylene-ethyl acrylate 乙烯-丙烯酸乙酯共聚物     EG thylene glycol 乙二醇     EMAA ethylene-methacrylic acid 乙烯-甲基丙烯酸共聚物     EPC expanded polyethylene copplymer 发泡聚乙烯     EPE expanded polyethylenev 发泡聚乙烯     ETO ethylene oxide 环氧乙烷     ETP electrolytic tinplate 电镀锡钢板     EVA ethylene-vinyl acetate 乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物     EVOH ethylene-vinyl alcohol 乙烯-乙烯醇共聚物     FEP fluorinated ethylene-polypropylene 氟化乙烯-丙烯共聚物     FRP fiberglass reinforced plastics 玻璃纤维增强塑料     GPPS general-purpose polystyrene 通用型聚苯乙烯     HDPE high density polyethylene 高密度聚乙烯     HM hot melt 热熔胶     HPP homopolymer polypropylene 聚丙烯均聚物     LDPE low density polyethylene 低密度聚乙烯     LLDPE linear low density polyethylene 线性低密度聚乙烯     MDPE medium density polyethylene 中密度聚乙烯     MGBK machine-glazed bleached kraft 纸机光泽漂白牛皮纸     MMA methyl methacrylate 甲基丙烯酸甲酯     NC nitrocellulose 硝化纤维素     NK natural kraft 本色牛皮纸     NODA n-octyl n-decyl adipate 已二酸辛癸酯     ON oriented nylon 取向(拉伸)尼龙     OPET oriented polyester 取向(拉伸)聚酯     OPP oriented polypropylene 拉伸聚丙烯     OPS oriented polystyrene 拉伸聚苯乙烯     PAN polyacrylonitrile 聚丙烯腈     PBT poly butylenes terephthalate 聚对苯二甲酸丁二醇酯     PC poly carbonate 聚碳酸酯     PE poly ethylene 聚乙烯     PET polyester 聚酯     PEB polyisobutylene 聚异丁烯     PM packaging materials 包装材料     PP poly propylene 聚丙烯     PS polystyrene 聚苯乙烯     PTFE poly tetra fluoroethy lene 聚四氟乙烯     PVAC poly (vinyl acetate) 聚醋酸乙烯     PVC poly (vinyl chloride) 聚氯乙烯     PVDC poly (vinylidene fluoride) 聚偏二氯乙烯     PVF poly (vinyl luoride) 聚氟乙烯     PVF2 poly (vinylidene fluoride) 聚偏二氟乙烯     PVA poly (vinyl alcohol) 聚乙烯醇     RCF regenerated cellulose film 再生纤维素薄膜     RCPP random-copolymer poly propylene 无规聚丙烯     RSC regular slotted container 规则开槽箱     SAN styrene-acylonitrile 苯乙烯-丙烯腈共聚物     SB styrene-butadiene 苯乙烯-丁二烯共聚物     SBS sdid bleached sulate 同质漂白牛皮纸     TUS solid unbleached sulfate 同质未漂白牛皮纸     TFS tin-free steel 无锡钢板     TPA terephthalic acid 对苯二甲酸     VA vinyl alcohol 乙烯醇     VC vinyl chloride 氯乙烯     VCM vinyl chloride monomer 氯乙烯单体     VDC vinylidene chloride 偏二氯乙烯     XKL extensible kraft linerboard 可伸性牛皮箱纸板     二.包装技术及单位     BPM bottles (or bags) per minute 瓶(或袋)/分钟     BUR blow-up ratio 吹胀比     CA controlled atmosphere 控制气氛     CAD computer-aided design 计算机辅助设计     CAP controlled atmosphere 控制气氛包装     CNC computer numerical control 计算机数字控制     CPM cans perminute 罐/分钟     FFS form/fill/seal 成型-充填-封合     GAL gallon(3.785L in the U.S) 加仑(美加仑等于3.785升)     HFFS form/fill /seal, horizontal 卧式成型-充填-封合     HRC Rockwell hardness (C Scale) 洛氏硬度(C标度)     HRM Rockwell hardness (M scale) 洛氏硬度(M标度)     HTST high temperature-short time 高温短时杀菌     MA modified atmosphere 改变气氛     MD machine direction 机器方向,纵向     OD optical density 光密度     OTR oxygen transmission rate 氧气透过率     PPB part per billion (109) 十亿分之一     PPM part per million (107) 百万分之一     RH relative humidity 相对湿度     RPM rotations per minute 每分钟转数     SP special packaging 特殊包装,专用包装     TFFS thermoform/fill/seal 热成型-充填-封合     TM melting temperature 熔化温度     TIS technical information service 技术情报服务     UV ultraviolet 紫外线     VFFS form/fill/seal, vertical 立式成型-充填-封合     WT weight 重量     WVTR water vapor trausmission rate 水蒸气透过率
(hrのdonald)

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发表于 2006-9-14 14:09 | 显示全部楼层

面粉类

A. 面粉类
麵粉/中筋麵粉 Plain flour /all-purpose flour
低筋麵粉/低根粉 cake flour / soft flour / weak flour / low protein flour
高筋麵粉/筋麵/根麵/高根粉 gluten flour / strong flour / bread flour / baker’s flour / high protein flour
小麦面粉 Whole meal flour
全麥麵粉 whole wheat flour
澄麵粉/澄粉/澄麵 non-glutinous flour / wheat flour / wheat starch
自發麵粉 self- raising flour
粗玉米豆粉 polenta / yellow cornmeal
粟粉/粟米粉/玉米粉/玉米澱粉(太白粉?) corn flour / cornstarch
生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 potato starch / potato flour
樹薯粉/木薯粉/茨粉/菱粉/泰國生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 Tapioca starch / tapioca flour
蕃薯粉/地瓜粉 sweet potato flour
臭粉/胺粉/阿摩尼亞粉/嗅粉 powdered baking ammonia / carbonate of ammonia / ammonia bicarbonate / ammonia carbonate / hartshorn
發粉/泡打粉/泡大粉/速發粉/蛋糕發粉 baking powder
蘇打粉/小蘇打/梳打粉/小梳打/食粉/重曹 baking soda / bicarb ofsoda
塔塔粉/他他粉 cream of tartar
卡士達粉/蛋黃粉/吉士粉/吉時粉/ custard powder
卡士達/克林姆/奶皇餡/蛋奶餡 custard / pastry cream
蛋白粉 egg white powder
粘米粉/黏米粉/在來米粉/在萊米粉/再來米粉 rice flour
糕仔粉 cooked rice flour
糯米粉 glutinous rice flour / sweet rice flour
鳳片粉/熟糯米粉/糕粉/加工糕粉 fried sweet rice flour / fried glutinous rice flour
綠豆粉 mung bean flour / tepung hun kwee
小麥胚芽/麥芽粉 wheat germ
小麥蛋白/麵筋粉 wheat gluten
酵母/酒餅 yeast/ibu roti
麵包糠/麵包屑 breadcrumbs
雜糧預拌粉 multi-grain flour
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糖类

. 糖类
黑蔗糖漿/糖蜜/甘蔗糖蜜 molasses
金黃糖漿 golden syrup
楓糖漿/楓樹糖漿/楓糖 maple syrup
玉米糖漿 corn syrup/karo syrup
葡萄糖漿 glucose syrup
麥芽糖漿 barley maltsyrup/maltsyrup
麥芽糖 maltose/malt sugar
焦糖 carmael
果糖 fructos
乳糖 lactose
轉化糖 invert sugar
日式糙米糖漿 amazake
綿花糖霜 marshmallow cream cream
冰糖 rock sugar
椰糖/爪哇紅糖 palm sugar/gula malacca
黃砂糖 brown sugar
紅糖/黑糖 dark brown sugar
粗糖/黑砂糖 muscovado sugar
金砂糖 demerara sugar
原蔗糖 raw sugar/raw cane sugar/unrefined cane sugar
白砂糖/粗砂糖 white sugar/refined sugar/refined cane sugar/coarse granulated sugar
細砂糖/幼砂糖/ 幼糖 castor sugar / caster sugar(适用于做糕点)
糖份混合物 icing sugar mixture
糖粉 icing sugar/confectioners’ sugar
糖霜/點綴霜 icing/frosting
蜜葉糖/甜葉菊 stevia/honey leaf
代糖/阿斯巴甜 aspartame/sweetener/sugar substitute
什色糖珠
巧克力米/朱古力米 chocolate vermicelli
巧克力削/朱古力削 chocolate curls
巧克力珠/朱古力珠 choc bits/chocolate chips
耐烤巧克力豆 choc bits (澳洲的英文名) / chocolate chips (美國、加拿大的英文名)
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C

抹荼粉 green tea powder
馬蹄粉 water chestnut flour
葛粉 arrowroot flour
杏仁粉 almond flour/almond mieal
海苔粉 ground seaweed


涼粉/仙草 grass jelly
椰絲/椰茸/椰子粉 desiccated coconut/shredded coconut
果子凍/果凍粉/啫喱 jelly
魚膠粉/吉利丁/明膠 gelatine sheets/powdered gelatine 
大菜/大菜絲/菜燕/燕菜精/洋菜/洋菜粉/瓊脂 agar powder
白礬 alum
硼砂 borax
石膏 gypsum
鹼水/(木見)水/ 碳酸钾 alkaline water/lye water/potassium carbonate
食用色素 food colouring
香草豆/香草莢/香草片/香子蘭莢 vanilla bean/vanilla pod
香草精/雲尼拉香精/凡尼拉香精 vanilla extract/vanilla essence
香草粉 vanilla powder
班蘭粉/香蘭粉 ground pandan/ground screwpine leaves/serbok daun pandan
班蘭精/香蘭精 pandan paste/pasta pandan
玫瑰露/玫瑰露精 rosewater/rosewater essence essence
皮屑 grated zest/grated rind
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D

牛油/奶油 butter
軟化牛油 soft butter
瑪珈琳/瑪琪琳/乳瑪琳/雅瑪琳/人造奶油/菜油 margarine
起酥油/起酥瑪琪琳 pastry margarine / oleo margarine
豬油/白油/大油/板油 lard / cooking fat
酥油/雪白奶油 shortening
硬化椰子油 copha
椰油 Creamed Coconut


烤油 dripping


牛油忌廉 butter cream
淡忌廉 light cream/coffee cream/table cream
鮮奶油/忌廉/鮮忌廉 cream/whipping cream
包括﹕1 light whipping cream
2 heavy whipping cream/heavy cream/thickened cream
3 double cream/pure cream
酸奶油/酸忌廉/酸奶酪/酸乳酪 sour cream
酸奶 butter milk
牛奶/鮮奶/鮮乳 milk
奶粉 powdered milk / milk powder
花奶/淡奶/奶水/蒸發奶/蒸發奶水 evaporated milk
煉奶 condensedmilk/sweetened condensed milk
起士/起司/芝士/乳酪/奶酪/乾酪/乳餅 cheese
起司粉 powdered cheese
奶油起司/芝士忌廉/奶油乳酪/凝脂乳酪 cream cheese
瑪斯卡波尼起司/馬司卡膨起司/馬斯卡波涅起司/義大利乳酪 mascarpone cheese
優格/乳果/酸奶/酸乳酪 yoghurt
優酪乳 yoghurt drink/drinking yoghurt
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E

麵包/麵飽 bread
土司麵包/吐司 toast
法式吐司 french toast
裸麥麵包 rye bread
派/批 pie
塔/撻 tart
凍派/凍批 cream pie


蛋塔 egg tart / custard tart
法式蛋塔 quiche lorraine
戚風蛋糕 chiffon cake
海綿蛋糕 sponge cake
泡芙 choux pastry / puff
瑪琳/焗蛋泡 meringue
蛋蜜乳 eggnog
可麗餅 crepe
煎餅/熱餅/薄烤餅 pancake
厚鬆餅 pikelet / hotcake
墨西哥麵餅 tortillas
曲奇 cookies
慕斯/慕思 mousse
布甸/布丁 pudding
司康/比司吉 scones
舒芙蕾 souffles
洋芋塊 hash brown
英式鬆餅/瑪芬麵包 english muffin
鬆糕/瑪芬 american muffin 
格子鬆餅 waffle
手指餅乾 sponge fingers / ladyfingers / savoiardi (義大利名)
蘇打餅干 saltine crackers
威化餅乾 wafer biscuit

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